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Unformatted text preview: isolated from the surroundings, energy is co 5) The second law of thermodynamics says that every energy transfer results in some loss as heat. Every energy transfer i 6) Cells create ordered structures from less ordered materials. Organisms also replace ordered forms of matter and energy fro 7) Reactions in a closed system eventually reach equilibrium and do no work; cells are not in equilibrium because they are op 8) The change in free energy, known as Gibbs free energy , is related to the change in enthalpy, in entropy and temperature i 9) Enzymes are the chemical reaction catalysts of biological systems. Most are proteins that often use metal ions or prostheti 10) Enzymes lower the activation energy of a reaction by encouraging the transition state better and stabilizing it....
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2010 for the course BIO 1A taught by Professor Schlissel during the Spring '08 term at Berkeley.
- Spring '08