H183 Lecture 7 - Carolina; increase in malaria 1775-83...

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South Carolina Guinea Coast of West Africa
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H183 Lecture: Malaria in the United States (Keywords) Geography : South Carolina Illinois Guinea Coast (West Africa) Terms : Intermittent fever, Autumnal fever Effluvia Ague Rice Cinchona bark (“Jesuit’s Bark”) Quinine, quinine sulfate Sappington’s Anti-fever Pills Miasma Malaria Mosquito Zoopotentiation Zooprophylaxis Anopheles quadrimaculatus Plasmodium falcipararum (severe) Plasmodium vivax (mild) People : General Charles Cornwallis Dr. John Sappington Dates : 1607 66% of English migrants in Jamestown, VA die of unknown fever 1619 First Africans in Jamestown, VA 1640 Spain begins to import Cinchona Bark from Peru to treat fevers 1680sEnslaved migrants from Africa to South
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Unformatted text preview: Carolina; increase in malaria 1775-83 American War of Independence; malaria stymied British troops in South Carolina 1820sQuinine sulfate extracted from Cinchona Bark 1830sreports of malaria in NY, PA, New England 1861-65 Union Troops report 1.3 million cases of intermittent fevers during Civil War (leading to 10,000 deaths) 1880s- 90s Increase in migrants infected with malaria from Southern Europe (Italy, Portugual) 1902 British scientist Ronald Ross receives Nobel Prize in medicine for showing malaria spread through mosquitoes 1920sMalaria in the United States retreats to South and CAs central Valley 1950sEndemic Malaria eradicated from US 1990s Mosquitoes feeding on infected birds spread West Nile Virus in US http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/songsheets.bsvg100462/pg.1/...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2010 for the course HISTORY 183 taught by Professor Osseo-asare during the Spring '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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H183 Lecture 7 - Carolina; increase in malaria 1775-83...

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