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Unformatted text preview: 10 Structure and Synthesis of AlCoHol¬° 10-1 Introduction 10-2 Structure and Classification of Alcohols Alcohols are organic compounds contaIning hydroxyl ( - OH ) groups. They are some of the most common and usefuL compounds In nature, In Industry, and around the house. The word alcohol Is one of the oLdest chemIcal teRms, derIved from the early ArabIc al-kuhl. OrIginally It meant "the powder,¬° and Later ¬Ęthe essence¬£¬° Ethyl alcohoL¬§ dIstIlLed from wine, was considered to be ¬•the essence¬¶ of wine. Ethyl alcohoL ¬ßgraIn alcohoL¬® is found In aLcohoLic beverages, cosmetics, and drug preparations¬£ MethyL alcohoL ¬ßwood aLcohoL¬® Is used as a fuel and solvent. ¬©sopropyl aLcohol ¬ßrubbing aLco¬™ hol¬® is used as a skin cLeanser for injectIons and minor cuts. CH3¬ęCH2 - OH ethyl alcohol EThanol CH3¬ę OH meThyl aLcohol meThano¬° OH I CH¬¨- CH - CH3 isoproPyl alcohol 2- Propanol Alcohols are synthesIzed by a wide varIety of methods, and the hydroxyl group may be converted to most other functIonal groups¬£ For these reasons, aLcohols are ver¬™...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2010 for the course CHEM 140 taught by Professor Wade during the Spring '10 term at Whitman.
- Spring '10