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Solutions_Manual_for_Organic_Chemistry_6th_Ed 82

Solutions_Manual_for_Organic_Chemistry_6th_Ed 82 -...

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4-48 (a) n-PeNtaNe caN producE three moNochloro isomers. To calculate the relative amouNt of each iN the product mixture, multiply the Numbers of hydrogeNs which could lead to that product times the reactivity for that type of hydrogeN. ±ach rElative amouNt divided by the sum of aLL thE amouNts will provide the perceNt of each iN the product mixturE. ²b) 4³49 CI´ CH2CH2CH2µ¶2CH3 (6 10 ·) x ¸reactivi¹y º»¼) = 6.0 relative amouNt 6±0 x º¼¼ = 18% ½½»¼ CI I CH3 ¾CHCH2CH2µH3 (4 ¿0 H) x ¸reactivi¹y 4À5Á = Â8ü ReÄative amouNt total amouNt = ½½»¼ i :± x º¼¼ = 55% µI I µH3µH2 ŵHCH2CH3 ¸¿ ¿0 ·) x ¸reactivi¹y 4ÆÇÁ = 9ȼ relative amouNt 9»¼ x º¼¼ = 27% ½½.¼ ¸a) The secoNd propagatioN step iN the chloriNatioN of methaNe is highly exotheÉmic ÊË·O
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Unformatted text preview: ± -Â¼Ì kJ/mole ( ÍÎ6 KcaÄ/moleÏÈ The traNsitioN state resembles the reactaNts, that is, the µIÐCI boNd wiÑÑ be sÑighÒÑy stretched aNd the CIÓCH3 boNd will just be startiNg to foÉm. ÔÕ ÔÖ CI × × × × × × µI × Ø Ø Ø Ø × × Ø × × Ø Ø Ø × Ø CH 3 stroNger weaÙer ¸b) The secoNd propagatioN step iN the broMÚNatioN of methaNe is highly exothermÚc ÊËHO = Ûº¼º KJ/mo\E ¸ Í Î4 KcalÜmoÑeÝÈ The traNsitioN state resembles the reactaNts, that isÞ Òhe BrßBr boNd wiÑà be sàightÑy stretched aNd the BrÓCH3 boNd wilL just be staátiNg to form. B r â ã ã ã ã ä B r Ø ± ± ± ± ± ± ± ± ² •.³ × C¶ 3 stroNger weaKer 74...
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