Solutions_Manual_for_Organic_Chemistry_6th_Ed 496

Solutions_Manual_for_Organic_Chemistry_6th_Ed 496 - 20-44...

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Unformatted text preview: 20-44 (A more complete discussIon of acIdIty and electroNIc effecTs Can be found is ¡ppendIx 2.) A few words ¢bouT the Two types of eleCtronIc eFects: InducTion and resonance. £nductIve effeCts are ¢ result of pol¢rIzed ( bonds, usually beCause of eleCtroneg¢Tive atom substItuents¤ Resonance e¥eCts work through 1 sysTems, requ¦rIng overlap of p orbITals to Delocalize electrons. AlL SUBS§¨§UEn§S H©VE ©n ªnDU«§¬VE E­­e«§ «OMP®¯eD §O HYD¯OGEn °±hE ¯E²E¯En³E)¤ ´®nY GµOUPS ©LSO h©¶E © reson¢n³e effeCt; ¢·· thaT Is requIred to have a reson¢Nce e¸fecT Is thaT The atom or group ha¹e aT le¢sT one P orºIT¢l for overl¢p¤ »he mosT InterestIng groups have boTh InductIve aNd resonance effecTs¼ ½N suCh groups, how caN we tel¾ The D¿recT¿on of electron moveMent, th¢t Is, whether ¢ group Is electron-donatIng or eleCtronÀwIthdrawIng? And do The reson¢nCe and InductIve eÁÁeCTs reInforCe or conflÂcT wIth each oTher? We can never "tuà oÄÅ' And do The reson¢nCe and InductIve eÁÁeCTs reInforCe or conflÂcT wIth each oTher?...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2010 for the course CHEM 140 taught by Professor Wade during the Spring '10 term at Whitman.

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