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Ch. 14 study guide - STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 14 Campbell 8th...

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STUDY GUIDE Campbell 8th edition BIO 311D CHINNERY CHAPTER 14 Important figures: 14.2, 14.3, 14.4, 14.5, 14.6, 14.7, 14.8, 14.11, 14.10, 14.12, 14.14, 14.15, 14.16, 14.17, 14.18 Important terms: Mendel, true-breeding, homozygote, heterozygote, P generation, F1 generation, F2 generation, trait, character, locus, allele, dominant, recessive, Punnett square, genotype, phenotype, codominance, incomplete dominance, pedigree, Cystic Fibrosis, Albinism, sickle-cell disease, Achondroplasia, Huntington’s disease, amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling. Knowledge Goals: Define allele, homozygous, heterozygous, genotype, phenotype, dominant, recessive. Explain what it means to say that a diploid organism has two alleles of a particular gene. Explain how the two alleles compare with respect to their DNA sequence if the alleles are (a) homozygous or (b) heterozygous. Compare and contrast: phenotype and genotype. Explain how monozygotic (identical) twins who start out with the same genotypes can differ in
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