biol1406-9 - 1 Which of the following describe(s some...

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1) Which of the following describe(s) some aspect of metabolism? A) synthesis of macromolecules B) breakdown of macromolecules C) control of enzyme activity D) A and B only *E) A, B, and C 2) Which term most precisely describes the cellular process of breaking down large molecules into smaller ones? 3) Which of the following statements correctly describe(s) catabolic pathways? 4) Which of the following is (are) true for anabolic pathways? 5) Which of the following is a statement of the first law of thermodynamics? *A) Energy cannot be created or destroyed. B) The entropy of the universe is decreasing. C) The entropy of the universe is constant. D) Kinetic energy is stored energy that results from the specific arrangement of matter. E) Energy cannot be transferred or transformed. 6) The first law of thermodynamics states that energy can be neither created nor destroyed. For living organisms, which of the following is an important consequence of the first law? A) The energy content of an organism is constant. *B) The organism ultimately must obtain all of the necessary energy for life from its environment. C) The entropy of an organism decreases with time as the organism grows in complexity. D) Organisms are unable to transform energy. E) Life does not obey the first law of thermodynamics. 7) According to the first law of thermodynamics, 8) Living organisms increase in complexity as they grow, resulting in a decrease in the entropy of an organism. How does this relate to the second law of thermodynamics?
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