Psych150 Exam 1

Psych150 Exam 1 - Human Development Chapter One What is...

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Human Development Chapter One What is development? Development is a science. We have observations and experiments that we approach in an empirical perspective (things we can measure). Development can be diverse depending on which ethnicity you’re from. It involves diversity. Change and time- you can reach puberty at a certain time depending on which ethnicity you are from. What we do as a child can impact our behavior as an adult Systems Theories. Dynamic-Systems Theory- development always changes. Change can occur at many levels. Everything around us changes Ecological-Systems Approach- Brofenbrenner. All contexts, situations, interactions impact development. One context can influence another. Biological Systems Interaction with one’s family members can determine their behavior with friends and in work. Bigger circles in the middle- Microsystems . Smaller systems- Mesosystems. Ex: if a teacher gives a note to the mom about her child at school- interaction. Exosystems- broad, local networks (CUNY). The interaction between two Microsystems is the Mesosystem (school and family). Macrosystems - economic patterns which impacr all of us. It trickles down from everyone to individuals. Chronosystems- how you grow up will affect you for the rest of your life (religious setting, peer group, classroom, family). Characteristics of Development Multidirectional- we don’t change in a linear fashion- a variety of things may change the way you develop, but it is pretty much predictable. Patterns of development growth o Growth in stages- in middle childhood you stay the same for the most part and level off. o Continuity- don’t see much change o Unpredictable o Growth and decline o Linear growth Multicontextual- Historical conditions…cohorts- people who go through the same thing at the same time (ex: people growing up in the depressions, baby names- Brooklyn, Cocoa) Multicultural- culture is dynamic- always changing and its values differ from culture to culture. Values are different and so are expectations of when you’re
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supposed to work differ as well as family responsibilities between cultures. Multidisciplinary o Biosocial - body and environment interactions. How certain genes might get turned on/off depending on your environment. o Cognitive - perception, memory, judgment, etc. o Psychological- development of emotions, temperament, and social skills. These things are not independent on environment. (EX: Bobo doll experiment- don’t do things you don’t want your kids to repeat) o Mirror Neurons- brain activation even though you are not actively participating. They are neurons in the brain that are activated when you’re watching someone do a behavior that you’ve done before- first seen in primates. Children with Autism might lack these neurons because it has to do with certain skills. Plasticity
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2010 for the course PSYCH 150 taught by Professor Decicco during the Spring '10 term at CUNY Hunter.

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Psych150 Exam 1 - Human Development Chapter One What is...

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