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Theory (PowerPoint) - Theory Theory Invisibility...

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Unformatted text preview: Theory Theory Invisibility Invisibility Africa: Invisible Africa: “Africa Proper as far as Africa history goes back. . . has remained – for all purposes of connection with the rest of the world – shut up; it is the Gold-land compressed within itself – the land of childhood. . . beyond selfchildhood. conscious history. . . conscious enveloped in the dark mantle of night.” (Friedrich Hegel) (Friedrich Caribbean :Absence Caribbean “There are no people [in the There West Indies] in the true sense of the word with a character and purpose of their own.” (J. Anthony Froude) Froude) Absence Absence “History was built History around achievement and creation; and nothing was created in the West Indies” (V. S. Naipaul) Indies” Damage Theory- E. Franklin Frazier Damage Whatever was African Whatever was lost in trauma of middle passage middle Triple Invisibility: Slave Women Triple Shared with all women invisibility relative to Shared male/normative society Subject to both black and white patriarchy Class and race invisibility Recovery Recovery Recovery Recovery Dutch historian Jan Dutch Vansina Vansina 1985 Oral Tradition 1985 Revolutionized field of Revolutionized African History Continent & Diaspora Recovery/Retentions Recovery/Retentions Frank Boas: Frank explored possibility of recovering African experience, culture and history. culture Student of Boas, Student Melville Herskovits, wrote Myth of the Negro Past, 1941 Negro Sidney Mintz and Richard Price Sidney “Africans in any Africans New World colony became a community and began to share a culture only insofar as, and as fast as they themselves created them.” created End of Right of Passage . . . ''All the slaves are led upon the deck. . . All their hair shaved in different figures of stars, half-moons, etc, which they generally do the one to the other, by the help of a broken bottle and without soap.' Imperatives Imperatives John Thornton: Africa and Africans in John Making of Atlantic World Making Not new creation from nothing From ‘retentions,’ → dynamic imperatives From From forms → values From values From institutions → orientations From orientations Cultural components Cultural Institutions not stable Language quite stable Religion as values more stable Motor habits most stable Creolization Creolization “Organic action Organic initiated by contact of European and African in which black and white are ‘locked in a competition for ascendancy.” (Kamau Bratiwiate) Bratiwiate) Creolization Creolization Acculturation – yoking one culture to Acculturation another by force Inter-culturation – unplanned Inter-culturation unstructured but osmotic relationship proceeding from this yoke The “new” more African than European The “Little tradition” and “Nation language” Indigenation Indigenation “The more secretive The process by which the dominated culture survives; and resists” (Sylvia Wynter) (Sylvia Diaspora Studies Diaspora Site for investigating experience of Site Africans in the new world. “A dynamic, continuous and complex dynamic, phenomenon stretching across time, geography, class and gender.” geography, Shared Sense of Exile Shared Psalms 137: “By the Rivers of Babylon, Psalms there we sat down, yea we wept when we remember Zion. For they that carried us away captive required of us a song; and they that wasted us requires of us mirth, saying, Sing us one of the songs of Zion. How shall we sing the Lord’s song in a strange land.” ...
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