Wk04Day09 handouts - 13 Year Old Mother Image from Newsweek...

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1 Week 04 Day 09 100201 13 Year Old Mother Image from Newsweek Oct 30 th 2007 For today: Luker: Dubious Conceptions Best: War on Social Problems Schwalbe: Finding Out How the Social World Goals for the Day Works Wednesday Currie: Crisis of Adolescence Gaines: Teenage Wasteland Schwalbe: The Reproduction of Inequality Effective illustration of the material grounding of society (culture shaped by real conditions, real history, real events meaning is shaped, not detached or randomly evolving) Luker Dubious Conceptions Conditions Dialectic Beliefs Economic forces shaping social norms Conditions encourage constructions of meaning
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2 1960’s–a period of relative prosperity at the end of post WWII boom. More resources, less conflict, less division in social goals (less conflict): Luker Dubious Conceptions Public perception of teen pregnancy as social problem minimal (no problem): Slowing economy mid 70’s to 90’s–more social conflict, more division in social goals: A change in economy shapes change in society Middle class (representative norm) Finding and keeping good jobs more difficult Middle class adapts through delayed gratification: postpone childbearing limiting children Luker Dubious Conceptions forming two earner households saving for home Teen Pregnancy does not conform to changing norms: not delaying gratification Not postponing childbearing Not investing in future – education, marriage, self sufficiency Middle class develops increasingly negative view of entitlements Welfare recipients, particular teen mothers seen as relying on entitlements increasingly Luker Dubious Conceptions associated with personal and tangible middle class costs and discourse shifts to ‘tax relief’ Author argues both sides of political isle exploit the issue but with myopic perceptions Both rely on ‘rational actor’ model people maximize outcomes, responding to incentives and disincentives
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3 Conservatives: Welfare a perverse incentive – people rewarded for non conforming behavior Welfare benefits cause early and ou o wedlock Luker Dubious Conceptions Welfare benefits cause early and out of wedlock childbearing. Eliminating all welfare payments to children whose mothers were unwed teenagers when they were born, as well as denying them access to food stamps and public housing would reduce problem Author criticism of Conservative argument: Financial incentives affect behavior but less than argued by conservatives – reducing welfare payments would have minimal impact Behavior includes material considerations but only one in a larger moral and social context which shapes interpretations Luker Dubious Conceptions and responses Decisions regarding childbearing and marriage have a great deal to do with feelings, values, beliefs, and commitments
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2010 for the course SOCY SOCY - 203 taught by Professor Brianhawkins during the Spring '10 term at University of Colombo.

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Wk04Day09 handouts - 13 Year Old Mother Image from Newsweek...

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