Organic_Compounds_and_Macromolecules

Organic_Compounds_and_Macromolecules - Organic Molecules...

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Organic Molecules Organic Molecules Chapter 4~ Carbon & The Molecular Diversity of Life Chapter 5~ The Structure & Function of Macromolecules
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Organic chemistry Organic chemistry Biological thought: Vitalism (life force outside physical & chemical laws) Berzelius Mechanism (all natural phenomena are governed by physical & chemical laws) Miller Carbon tetravalence tetrahedron shape determines function
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Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons (petroleum; lipid ‘tails’) Covalent bonding; nonpolar High energy storage Isomers (same molecular formula, structural~ differing covalent bonding arrangement geometric~ differing spatial arrangement enantiomers~ mirror images pharmacological industry (thalidomide)
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Functional Groups, I Functional Groups, I Attachments that replace one or more of the hydrogens bonded to the carbon skeleton of the hydrocarbon Each has a unique property from one organic to another Hydroxyl Group H bonded to O; alcohols; polar (oxygen); solubility in water Carbonyl Group C double bond to O; At end of HC: aldehyde Otherwise: ketone
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Functional Groups, II Functional Groups, II Carboxyl Group O double bonded to C to hydroxyl; carboxylic acids; covalent bond between
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2010 for the course BIOMIC Bio765 taught by Professor Sangte during the Spring '10 term at Eastern Oregon.

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Organic_Compounds_and_Macromolecules - Organic Molecules...

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