Solutions Chapter 11

Solutions Chapter 11 - ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1(a Separate...

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1. (a) Separate legal existence. A corporation is separate and distinct from its owners and it acts in its own name rather than in the name of its stockholders. In contrast to a partnership, the acts of the owners (stockholders) do not bind the corporation unless the owners are agents of the corporation. b) Limited liability of stockholders. Because of its separate legal existence, creditors of a corporation ordinarily have recourse only to corporate assets to satisfy their claims. Thus, the liability of stockholders is normally limited to their investment in the corporation. c) Transferable ownership rights. Ownership of a corporation is shown in shares of capital stock. The shares are transferable units. Stockholders may dispose of part or all of their interest by simply selling their stock. The transfer of ownership to another party is entirely at the discretion of the stockholder. 2. (a) Corporate management is an advantage to a corporation because it can hire professional managers to run the company. Corporate management is a disadvantage to a corporation because it prevents owners from having an active role in directly managing the company. (b) Two other disadvantages of a corporation are government regulations and additional taxes. A corporation is subject to numerous state and federal regulations. For example, state laws prescribe the requirements for issuing stock, and federal securities laws govern the sale of stock to the general public. Corporations must pay both federal and state income taxes. These taxes are substantial. In addition, stockholders must pay income taxes on cash dividends received. 3. Ann is incorrect. A corporation must be incorporated in only one state. It is to the company’s advantage to incorporate in a state whose laws are favorable to the corporate form of business organization. A corporation may incorporate in a state in which it does not have a headquarters office or major operating facilities. 4. In the absence of restrictive provisions, the basic ownership rights of common stockholders are the rights to: 1) vote in the election of the board of directors and in corporate actions that require stockholders’ approval. 2) share in corporate earnings. 3) maintain the same percentage ownership when additional shares of common stock are issued (the preemptive right). 4) share in assets upon liquidation. 5. Legally, a corporation is an entity, separate and distinct from its owners. As a legal entity, a corporation possesses most of the privileges and is subject to the same duties and responsibilities as a natural person. The corporation acts under its own name rather than under the names of its stockholders. A corporation may buy, own, and sell property, borrow money, enter into legally binding contracts, and sue or be sued. 6.
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Solutions Chapter 11 - ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1(a Separate...

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