Menos Paradox fnnished - Adam Kozak 996988586 PHL105Y Mr...

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Adam Kozak 996988586 PHL105Y Mr. Schranz Menos Paradox The dialogue between Socrates and Meno is focused on answering the question of the definition of virtue and the nature of learning virtue. Both men agree that virtue is a word commonly expressed. The first question that Meno asks takes for granted the definition of the word ‘virtue’ and Socrates finds this to be appalling. Socrates claims to not know what virtue is and requires an explanation. Both Meno and Socrates start from different assumptions about the nature of virtue specifically how can it be known. While Meno has taken the definition for obvious Socrates claims it to be a word that has not been expressed clearly by any man. As Meno gives accounts of what he thinks is ‘virtue’ Socrates rejects all his claims on the grounds that they are not adequate. Meno says virtue is “what else but to be able to rule over people”. Socrates then adds this of course must be done in accordance with justice and Meno agrees. As Meno then explains what virtue is has included justice then Socrates objects to this form of definition. According to Socrates this account of virtue is not complete. Instead of giving a complete definition that can be applied universally Socrates exclaims that Meno is only explaining certain parts of what virtue is made up of and is not offering a complete comprehensive definition. Meno then adds that virtue depends on the role one has to play in society. Specifically he says “Every age, every condition of life, young or old, male or female, bond or free, has a different virtue…”. Socrates then prods further into Meno and
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questions him as to what qualities do all virtues possess. Although Meno agrees with Socrates in that certain qualities such as strength will have a universal quality no matter who posses them, Meno feels as though “this case is different from others”. Socrates tells Meno that other things such as bees may have unique qualities but that they must have something universal about them that classifies them as bees. This is what Socrates wants
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