Isopod Behavior - Jinal Sheth ANIMAL BEHAVIOR Abstract...

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Jinal Sheth ANIMAL BEHAVIOR Abstract Ethology is the study of animal behavior. Behavior is everything an animal does and how it does it. This research was designed to better comprehend some aspects of animal behavior. Also, observe and investigate their responses to environment. Pillbugs was a simplistic way to determine the behavior of most isopods in respect to various environments. A dry-light vs. wet- dark environment was created to test which environment they most preferred. The control in this experiment was two separate environments just testing dark vs. light and moist vs. dry. The results showed that pillbugs preferred dark-wet environment. Also, oriented behavior, specifically kinesis was observed in them. Introduction Ethology is the study of animal behavior. Behavior is everything an animal does and how it does it. Many behaviors are responses to sensory input such as sight, sound, smell, touch, and taste. Reactions to a sensory input may be an innate (genetic inherited) response, a learned response, or a response that has both innate and learned components. An innate response or behavior is inherited and involves the genetic sequence of the organism. An innate response will be the same for all the organisms within a species regardless of the environment, including the lack of a “normal” upbringing. A learned response is a response that is modified based on specific experiences of the organism. A learned response will vary directly upon the life experiences of each individual organism. Orientation behaviors are innate moving behaviors that put the animal in a favorable environment. Stimuli that may cause orientation behaviors include chemicals, water currents,
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electricity, gravity, light, moisture, sound, temperature and touch. There are two main types of orientation behaviors- taxis and kinesis. Movements directly toward a stimulus are called positive taxes while movements directly away from a stimulus are called negative taxes. Kinesis may be either toward or away from the stimulus, but the overall motion occurs via general, random movements. Agonistic behavior is exhibited when animals from the same species respond to each other by aggressive or submissive responses. Agonistic behaviors are complex behaviors, often with both innate and learned components. Usually, an aggressive agnostic behavior is simply a
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Isopod Behavior - Jinal Sheth ANIMAL BEHAVIOR Abstract...

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