Production_Planning_and_Control_9

Production_Planning_and_Control_9 - Production Planning and...

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Production Planning and Control UTCC Production Planning and Control 9 School of Engineering The University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce
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Production Planning and Control UTCC Inventory Management School of Engineering The University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce
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Production Planning and Control Watcharavee C. EU Japan East ~ 11% ~ 10% ~ 7% This is shown by Thailand relatively high logistics cost comparing to other countries Logistics cost / GDP yr Logistics cost / GDP yr 2002 2002 Source: NESDB ~19%
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Watcharavee C. เป รѨย บ เท Ѩย บ สѤ ด สҕ วน ต Җ น ท ѫ น โลจѧ สต ѧ ก สҙต ҕ GDP ข องไท ย 2538 8.43 43 % 0.25 25 % 13 13.48 48 % 3.09 % 2541 8.82 82 % 0.22 22 % 13.54 54 % % 2545 8.61 61 % % 7.25 % % 25.25 % 25.67 67 % 19 19.17 17 % Admin. cost Inventory holding cost Warehousing cost Transportation cost Cost/GDP
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Production Planning and Control UTCC
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Production Planning and Control UTCC Agenda Functions of inventories Requirements for effective inventory management Objectives of inventory control Techniques for determining how much to order and when to order
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Production Planning and Control UTCC Functions of Inventory Inventory ( ส¹ น คo ·คงÃิ ล¼ °) Ãป }น ส¹ · สз ÃรÊจ ร¾ป ± º Ë° ย¾ nÆน ค ล¶ง ส¹น คo· ร ว ม ²»ง ว¶³²½์¹บ คงÃิ ล¼° ± º ËÆชoÆน ก·รผล¹³Äลµ ส¹น คo·± ºËย¶ง °ย¾ n Æน กรµบ วน ก·รผล¹ ³ (work in Process)
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Production Planning and Control UTCC Independent Demand A B(4) C(2) D(2) E(1) D(3) F(2) Dependent Demand Independent demand is uncertain. Dependent demand is certain. Inventory : a stock or store of goods
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Production Planning and Control UTCC Functions of Inventory (con’t) • Äยกป รµÃภ ± ส¹ น คO ·°°กÃป } น ิ มว์ิ ม¾N ± зÆิ O งN·ย²N °ก·รจ¶ ์สN To take advantage of quantity discounts (Ç์O ร·ค·²N °ิ น N วย²Ëзลง) To make relation between supplier with manufacturing and between manufacturing with consumer
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Production Planning and Control UTCC Functions of Inventory (con’t) • ป j °งก¶ น ภ ·วก·รณ R ข» Ì น ร·ค·ข°งส¹ น คO · To help hedge against price increases ป j°งก¶ น คว·มÇมN Äน N น °น ข°งก·รสNงม°บ ส¹น คO · • ชNวยÆิ O ง·น ผล¹ ±Ãป }น Çป °ยN·ง±N°Ãน ¼Ë°ง ÇมN มº ป { ญ ิ · ข·์Äคลน ว¶ ±²½ ์¹บ ิ ร¼°ÇมN มºส¹ น คO·คงÃิ ล¼ °รµิ วN ·ง ผล¹± (To protect against stock-outs)
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Production Planning and Control UTCC Inventory and the Flow of Materials
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Production Planning and Control UTCC Types of Inventories Raw materials & purchased parts Partially completed goods called work in progress Finished-goods inventories ( manufacturing firms ) or merchandise ( retail stores ) Maintenance/Repair/Operating (MROs) Goods-in-transit to warehouses or customers
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Production_Planning_and_Control_9 - Production Planning and...

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