3 - Climate and Adaptation of Agricultural Crops

3 - Climate and Adaptation of Agricultural Crops - Climate...

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Climate and Adaptation of Agricultural Crops
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Elements of climate most directly affecting plant growth: Temperature Moisture Solar radiation Wind, etc.
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Elements of climate most directly affecting plant growth: Temperature Moisture Solar radiation Wind, etc. -- Tropical vs temperate (including tropical high elevations) -- Soil temperature (affects plant germination, emergence, root growth)
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Elements of climate most directly affecting plant growth: Temperature Moisture Solar radiation Wind, etc. -- Rainfall frequency and intensity – soil moisture -- Humidity
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Elements of climate most directly affecting plant growth: Temperature Moisture Solar radiation Wind, etc. -- Photoperiod -- Light intensity and shading
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Elements of climate most directly affecting plant growth: Temperature Moisture Solar radiation Wind , etc.
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Wind Damage Hurricane Frances
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Wind and Agriculture - Infrastructure
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Wind and Agriculture - Crops
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Elements of climate most directly affecting plant growth: Temperature Moisture Solar radiation Wind, etc.
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Adaptations of plants to climatic (physical) factors determine: Geographic distribution Growing season Limits are set by extremes such as killing frost vs high temperature. Within a geographic location, plants may exhibit dormancy at certain times (out of season). Dormant stages may require environmental cue (higher temp., more moisture) to continue development.
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Dormancy and Easter Lilies
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Agricultural climate types recognized by Carroll et al. (1990): Wet tropical (about 5N-5S, 11 months w. rainfall >15 cm)
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3 - Climate and Adaptation of Agricultural Crops - Climate...

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