08-COGS11-Making Memories

08-COGS11-Making Memories - Memory. Now that I remember....

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Memory… Now that I remember. .. Mary ET Boyle, Ph.D. Department of Cognitive Science UCSD Minds and Brains-COGS11
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Memory, what is it? he ability to acquire The ability to acquire and retain information world experiences Minds and Brains-COGS11
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Are all memories the same? Develop animal models of memory Study what is and is ot lost in amnesia not lost in amnesia Use brain imaging to investigate ormal encoding retrieval and normal encoding, retrieval, and recall in healthy humans. Minds and Brains-COGS11
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Three Important Distinctions •Facts vs. Skills • Long term vs. short term •The three stages of memory emory can fail at any of Memory can fail at any of these stages. ifferent stages are mediated • Encoding • Storage Different stages are mediated by different brain structures. Minds and Brains-COGS11 • Retrieval
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Duration of memory retention. .. in years min msec Minds and Brains-COGS11
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Working vs. Long-Term Memory Hippocampus is critical for long-term memory formation. refrontal lobes are Prefrontal lobes are involved in working emory. Minds and Brains-COGS11 memory.
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Generalized diagram of LT Memory Systems eclarative (explicit) Long Term Memory Nondeclarative (implicit) Declarative (explicit) od e caa t e( pct ) Skills nd riming Simple lassical Nonassociative neocortex reflex and Habits Priming Classical Conditioning learning Facts Events Emotional Skeletal striatum pathways responses musculature cerebellum
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Sensory Memory • Different from short-term memory • Maintains detailed sensory image of stimuli eparate memory store for each of the senses Separate memory store for each of the senses • Good for extending the duration of stimuli Minds and Brains-COGS11
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Working Memory-Functions • Stores material needed for short periods of time ork space for mental computations Work space for mental computations • Way station for long term memory Minds and Brains-COGS11
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2010 for the course COGSCI 11 taught by Professor Maryb. during the Spring '10 term at UCSD.

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08-COGS11-Making Memories - Memory. Now that I remember....

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