Anthro 2AC Reading: Johnson 1999 10/8/08V. HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGY3.Processual or New Archaeology (1960-1980)emphasizing people participating cultures differently. Study diversity of material culture. variation and diversity are key points in processual archaeology. Examine the full spectrum of material culture @ archaeological sites. full range of human behaviors. D. 5 New Developments in American Arch.i) New Definition of Culture (Stress Variation)People Participated in Cultures DifferentiallyLewis Binford; Southwest Pithouses -emphasize variation – community pattern, households. Look at each pithouses individually and compare/contract to other pithouses. Looking at house size, determining storage size, wealth status, and life style. Looking for patterns. ii)Archaeological Context - emphasize context of archaeological record. Reconstructing the past. i)Walter Taylor - 1940’s - Conjunctive Approach - , Activity Areas; Spatial structure/relation-ship of artifacts, ecofacts and features relating to one another.
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processual archaeology, ARCHAEOLOGY Processual, material culture. variation