Anthro 2AC Reading: Johnson 1999 10/10/08 V. HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGY 3. Processual or New Archaeology (1960-1980) D. 5 New Developments: v) field expands, diversity - slowly but still diversifying. more woman involved. Women work in labs not on the field - discrimination. National Science Foundation - not allowing discrimination. attempt to recruit. E. SUMMARY of Processual Archaeology 4. Postprocessual Archaeology (1980-2004) criticized by european archaeologists. A. Introduction; Ian Hodder - cambridge university. , Criticism of Processual Archaeology - Younger Generation of Scholars Not a Unified School - johnson. represent a variety of approaches. ; Rather Diverse Approaches. B. 5 Major Developments: i. Shift Away from Cultural Evolution - reemphasis on cultural relativism. ; Not Happy w/ Emphasis on Cross-Cul-tural Generalizations - believe they were too ;Re- people’s action are historically situated. Individual history. focus on historical contingencies. people are unique. emergence of Cultural Relativism
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