11-7 Notes - B Provenience lot provenience or point...

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Anthro 2AC Reading: NONE TODAY 11/7/08 VII. DATA GATHERING – EXCAVATION 4. Excavation Steps (4) (Various Decisions/Options) Multi-stage field strategy. D. Clearing Excavation –Expose Large Blocks, Define Matrix, Balks (Record Stratigraphy) Great for getting information of site structure. Putting together matrix and provenience systems of artifacts and ecofacts. Balks. 5. Excavation Methods A. Levels – i. Arbitrary Levels-Metrical Stratigraphy. Usually 5 or 10cm. Used when well defined stratigraphy is not visible. Quicker and easier way to excavate. Secondary context (where site has been disturbed) ii. Natural/Cultural Levels – Excavate by Stratigraphy, Harris Matrix (Edward Harris) reporting stratigraphic rela- tionships. iii. Natural or cultural deposits. Treat each deposit as separate. Each deposit examined separately. Preferred method.
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Unformatted text preview: B. Provenience: lot provenience or point provenience C. Screen Sediments -- mesh size, (Dry, Wet) D. Sediment Samples E. Plan Map, Section Drawing, Photos, Many Forms! 6. Case Study – Metini Village Site (CA-SON-175) i. Sacred Site – Round House ii. Getting Kashaya Pomo elders involved, Cooking iii. Field Strategy – Surface Investigations a. Topographic Map – Grid System, Contour map b. Geophysical Survey – Magnetometer c. Intensive Surface Collection (1 by 1 m units) Systematic Random Sampling Sample Size = 183, Sample Fraction = 4% Produce Artifact Isopleth Maps (Shows Density of Materials Across Site Surface) iv. Penetrating Excavation – Surgical Operations v. Limited Clearing Excavation – Future Work (House Areas); Show Native Alaskan Village Site...
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