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11-24 Notes - -Dependent on Research Questions Kinds of...

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Anthro 2AC Read: Ashmore Chap. 6 11/24/08 X. ANALYSIS 1. Classification : F. Classification today i. Employ combination of both approaches ii. Problem with All-Purpose Classification- most archaeologists don’t believe in. iii. May be either Emic or Etic Ian hodder- decode symbolic nature of objects. 2. Decision Making in the Laboratory A. Data Processing – in field or lab; conserve materials, catalogue materials, sort into basic categories: Artifacts (Industries-based on materials used, way manufactured), Ecofacts B. Selection of Laboratory Analyses Undertake Multitude of Analyses – Must Choose from those many available, ceramics, ecofacts, metals, etc. no way to undertake all analysis in one project. must make decisions on what analysis to run. which ones to forgo; Must understand what is out there.
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Unformatted text preview: -Dependent on Research Questions, Kinds of Materials, Budget 3. Analyses of Artifacts A. Technological Analyses – how they are manufactured. Technological Attributes, ways to identify chemical com-pounds- identify where they come from in geographical source Technological Types; Sourcing Studies (Constituent Analysis), Regional Exchange B. Form Analyses – Functional Studies of Tools Ceramics – Jars, Bowls, Pitchers; Residue Analysis-residues on artifacts C. Stylistic Analyses – Stylistic Attributes- Ceramics – i.Chronology – Design Motif; ii. Identity or Ownership – Pecked Marked Ceramics – Market Street Chinatown. 4. Ecofacts – Archaeobotany or Paleoethnobotany, Microscopic: Palynology, Starch Grains, Phytoliths Macroscopic:seeds, nuts; Zooarchaeology, Coprolites...
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