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Unformatted text preview: Anthropology 2AC Final Exam Review Sheet 1. Analysis- A stage in archaeology research design in which data are isolated, de- scribed, and structured, usually via typological classification, and chronological, func- tional, technological, and constituent determinations are made. 2. Assemblages- A gross grouping of all subassemblages assuming to represent the sum of human activities carried out within an ancient community. 3. Subassemblages- A grouping of artifact classes based on form and function that is assumed to represent a single occupational group within an ancient community. 4. Association- Occurrence of an item of archaeological data adjacent to another and in or on the same matrix. 5. Attribute- The minimal characteristic used as a criterion for grouping artifacts into classes; including stylistic, form, and technological attributes. 6. Stylistic attribute- descriptive characteristics of an artifact believe to reflect the choice of the maker of the artifact. 7. Form attributes- Measured and described, different forms of ceramics such as bowls and plates. 8. Technological Attributes- Raw materials, methods employed in manufacture. 2 types of technological attribute- raw material used to manufacture artifact for pottery. Two types of raw material- clay and temper such as sand- elasticity. 9. Classification- The ordering of phenomena into groups (classes) based on the shar- ing of attributes. 10. Context- Characteristics of archaeological data that result from combined behavioral and transformational proceses, which are evaluated by means of recorded association, matrix, and provenience 11. Coprolites- Preserved ancient feces, studied because they contain food residues that can be used to reconstruct ancient diet and subsistence activities. 12. Data processing- A stage in archaeological research design usually involving, in the case of artifacts, cleaning, conserving, labeling, inventorying, and cataloging. 13. Debitage- Workshop debris 14. Dendrochronology- The study of tree-ring growth patterns, which are linked to devel- op a continuous chronological sequence. 15. Deposition- The last stage of behavioral processes, in which artifacts are discarded 16. Ecofact- Non-artifactual evidence from the past that has cultural relevance; the cat- egory includes both inorganic and organic objects. 17. Emic- Insiders approach, try to understand culture inside and out. 18. Etic- An outsiders approach, where approach ignores culture aspect 19. Ethnoarchaeology- Ethnographic studies designed to aid archaeological interpreta- tion, such as descriptions of behavioral processes, especially the ways material items enter the archaeological record. Study material culture of living people. Manufacture, use, discard of material culture, formation processes, taphonomy, excavate abandoned places....
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