Anthropology 2AC Midterm #1 Terms

Anthropology 2AC Midterm #1 Terms - 1. NAGPRA -...

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1. NAGPRA - Law/guidelines for archaeology. It gives back to history. Ex: if native americans ask for something back that belongs to them, the museum must give it back 2. Diachronic- pertaining to phenomena as they occur or change over a period of time; a chrono- logical perspective 3. Synchronic- Pertaining to phenomena at one point in time; concurrent perspective 4. Anaerobic- without oxygen 5. Artifact- a discrete and portable object in the archaeological record whose characteristics res- ults wholly or in part from human activity; artifacts are individually assignable to ceramic, lithic, metal, organic, or other categories. 6. Francis McMannamon- emphasized public outreach. 7. Frederick Ward Putnam- 1st chair of anthropology dept @ berkeley. 8. Kashaya Pomo- Indigenous people living in san fransisco 9. Ecofact- non-artifactual natural remains that have cultural relevance; includes both organic and inorganic remains 10. Feature- Nonportable archaeological remain that cannot be recovered from matrix without destroying or altering its orginial form. 11. archaeological site- a spatial cluster of any combination of artifacts, features, and ecofacts; ba- sic working unit of an archaeological investigation 12. Primary context- 1. (Use-related) artifacts recovered from the place they were acquired, made, or used by humans in the past. 2. (transposed) artifacts/ecofacts deposited away from where they were acquired, made or used. 13. Secondary context- when provenience, association, and matrix have been altered by human or natural processes. 14. Matrix- The physical medium that surrounds, supports or holds archaeological data 15. Provenience- the 3d location of archaeological data within or on the matrix at the time of dis- covery. 16. Behavioral Processes- Human activities (including acquisition, manufacture, use, and depos- ition behavior) that produce tangible archaeological remains. 17. Organic artifacts- artifacts derived from living things, including materials such as wood, bone, horn, fiber, horn, and hide. 18. Inorganic artifacts- artifacts derived from non-living sources. 19. Transformational Processes- Conditions and events that affect archaeological data from the time of deposition to the time of recovery. These transformations could be either caused by nat- ural phenomena (decay, animal disturbance, erosion, etc) or by humans (plowing, looting, etc) 20. Archaeological record- the physical remains produced by past human activities, which are sought, recovered, studied, and interpreted by archaeologists to reconstruct the past 21. Association- occurrence of an item of archaeological data adjacent to another and in or on the
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2010 for the course ANTHRO 02396 taught by Professor Panich during the Spring '09 term at Berkeley.

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Anthropology 2AC Midterm #1 Terms - 1. NAGPRA -...

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