Anthropology 2AC Midterm #2 Terms

Anthropology 2AC Midterm #2 Terms - Anthropology 2AC...

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Anthropology 2AC Midterm #2 Review Sheet 1. Antiquarian- A nonprofessional who studies the past for its artistic or cultural value rather than a archaeologist and looter. Not trained archaeologists. 2. Archaeological cultures- The maximum grouping of all assemblages assumed to rep- resent the sum of human activities carried out within a single ancient culture. 3. Assemblage- A gross grouping of all sub-assemblages assumed to represent the sum of human activities carried out within an ancient community. 4. Behavioral processes- Human activities, including acquisition, manufacture, use, and deposition behavior, that produce tangible archaeological remains 5. Classification- The ordering of phenomena into groups (classes) based on the shar- ing of attributes. 6. Culture Areas- A spatial unit defined by ethnographically observed cultural similarities within a given geological area; used archaeologically to define spatial limits to archae- ological cultures. Trace cultures back in time. Culture: link past and present. 7. Culture history approach- Archaeological interpretation based on temporal and spatial syntheses of data and the application of general descriptive models usually derived from a normative view of culture. Late 1950s to 1960s gone figure out description of cul- ture, relates to tradition/Horizon. Lots of criticism such as: No questions answered- no understanding of change throughout time. Stimulated by antiquity and dynamic nature of native americans societies. Criticisms: Too much emphasis on on artifacts and not enough about people’s culture. 8. Cultural Resource management- The conservation and selective investigation of pre- historic and historic remains; specifically, the development of ways and means, includ- ing legislation, to safeguard the past. 9. Data Universe- A defined area of archaeological investigation, often a region or site, bounded in time and space 10. Diffusion- Transmission of ideas from one culture to another. Very common in ex- plaining similar cultures. 11. Law of Superposition- The principle that the sequence of observable strata from bot- tom to top reflects the order of deposition from earliest to latest. 12. Matrix- The physical medium that surrounds, holds, or supports, archaeological data. 13. Association- Occurrence of an item of archaeological data adjacent to another and in or on the same matrix. 14. Provenience- The three-dimensional location of archaeological data within or on the matrix at the time of discovery. 15. Context- Characteristics of archaeological data that result from combined behavioral and transformational processes, which are evaluated by means of recorded association, matrix, and provenience. 16.
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2010 for the course ANTHRO 02396 taught by Professor Panich during the Spring '09 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Anthropology 2AC Midterm #2 Terms - Anthropology 2AC...

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