APES Project Questions + Script - Sasha Preston Robert Seidel Human Impact on the World Mexico Topic#2 How Does the Manufacturing Industry in Developing

APES Project Questions + Script - Sasha Preston Robert...

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Sasha Preston Robert Seidel Human Impact on the World- Mexico Topic #2: How Does the Manufacturing Industry in Developing Countries Change the Earth? Mexico’s manufacturing industry has a very negative impact on the environment in various ways. Directly, gaseous, liquid and solid waste can be generated from these facilities as a by- product of production that ultimately leads to the pollution of our natural resources. Indirectly, the utilization of the product or its disposal at the end of its life can cause a negative environmental impact. This could explain why many regional and countrywide environmental programs and regulations target these large-scale manufacturers in order to help or force them to decrease their overall environmental footprint. Biodiversity Loss: 1. Explain how this activity results in a loss of biodiversity. Be specific and use case studies, data, tables, and graphs to support your answer. Cite your sources. The manufacturing industry in Mexico can have major negative impacts on biodiversity. This biodiversity loss stems primarily from land use and waste generation, and usually occurs at the same time and place as business activities. According to the National Commission for Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity, various species of Mexico’s freshwater fish have disappeared, such as the Potosi pupfish and the Charco Azul pupfish from Nuevo Leon due to water pollution and contamination. Some birds and large mammals have been restricted to the islands such as the Socorro Islands dove and the Mexican wolf due to the construction of new manufacturing facilities encouraging habitat loss and degradation.
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2. How does a loss of biodiversity impact the environment? Use terms that we have covered in class including food webs, trophic levels, keystone species, trophic cascade, (etc.). A loss of biodiversity impacts Mexico’s environment greatly. The National Geographic and Statistics Institute calculated that Mexico lost 35% of its forest cover in the past 20 years. The natural availability of water in Mexico has continued to decline and 126 out of 653 Mexican aquifers present conditions of overexploitation. According to the National Fisheries Charter, 75% of the fisheries units of the Pacific are deteriorated or at their maximum sustainable fishery level, while in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea these percentages are even higher, at 92%.
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