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Chilcote synthesis of dependency literature

Chilcote synthesis of dependency literature - Latin...

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http://lap.sagepub.com Latin American Perspectives DOI: 10.1177/0094582X7400100101 1974; 1; 4 Latin American Perspectives Ronald H. Chilcote Dependency: a Critical Synthesis of the Literature http://lap.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/1/1/4 The online version of this article can be found at: Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: Latin American Perspectives, Inc. can be found at: Latin American Perspectives Additional services and information for http://lap.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts Email Alerts: http://lap.sagepub.com/subscriptions Subscriptions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.nav Reprints: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav Permissions: © 1974 Latin American Perspectives, Inc. . All rights reserved. Not for commercial use or unauthorized distribution. at UNIV OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA on January 9, 2008 http://lap.sagepub.com Downloaded from
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4 INTRODUCTION DEPENDENCY: A CRITICAL SYNTHESIS OF THE LITERATURE by Ronald H. Chilcote The following synthesis attempts to identify the major tendencies in the dependency literature and to introduce the reader to the major works and issues on the subject. Ronald Chilcote is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Riverside. Over the past decade a new perspective of development and underdevelop- ment has emerged. Labelled by its advocates as dependency theory, this per- spective focuses on the problem of foreign penetration in the political economies of Latin America. Generally, this theory explains underdevelopment throughout Latin America as a consequence of outside economic and political influence. More specifically, the economy of certain nations is believed to be conditioned by the relationship to another economy which is dominant and capable of expanding and developing. Thus the interdependence of such economies assumes contrasting forms of dominance and dependence so that dependent nations might develop as a reflection of the expansion of dominant nations or underdevelop as a conse- quence.of their subjective relationship. This explanation approximates the defini- tion of dependency offered by Dos Santos ( 1968:6 ) who states: By dependence we mean a situation in which the economy of certain countries is condi. tioned by the development and expansion of another economy to which the former is subjected. The relation of inter-dependence between two or more economies, and between these and world trade, assumes the form of dependence when some countries (the dominant ones) can expand and can be self-sustaining, while other countries (the dependent ones) can do this only as a reflection of that expansion, which can have either a positive or a negative effect on their immediate development. In
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