Drakakis-Smith Chapter 3

Drakakis-Smith Chapter 3 - 56 An historical perspective...

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56 An historical perspective Discussion questions * Describe the main features of * What were the major contrasts mercantile colonialism and explain between urb an growth in the how they affected coloni al late coloni al and early sett leme nt. independence periods? * What were the major forces * In what ways did independence tran sforming eco nomic objec tives affect urba nisatio n in the int o urban form in the nineteenth develop ing world? century? Illu strate your answer with reference to a case study. References and further reading Christopher, A.J. (1988) The British Empire at its Zenith, Croom He lm, London . Dixon , C. and Heffern an, M. (1991) Colonialism and Developm ent in the Contemporary World, Man sell, London . Dwyer, D. and Drakaki s-Smith, D. (eds) (1996) Ethnicity and Development, Wiley, London . Findlay, A.M . (1994) The Arab World, Routledge, London. Goodfriend, D.E. (1982) 'Sh ahj ahanabad : tradition and planned urb an cha nge' , Ekistics, 49: 297-298. King, A. (1976) Colonial Urban Development , Routledge & Kegan Pau l, London. Kin g, A. (1990) Urbanization. Colonialism and the World Economy, Routledge, London. Lim Heng Kow (1978) The Evolution ofthe Urban System in Malaysia, PUM , Kuala Lumpur. Lowder, S. (1986) Inside Third World Cities, Croom Helm, London . McGee, T.G. (1967) Southeast Asian City, Bell, London . Nath, V. (1993) 'Planning for Delhi', Geo Journal, 29(2): 171- 180. Taylor, P. (1985) Political Geography, Long man , London . o Urban population growth Introduction Migration to the city .,. Explaining urban migration Migrants and migration The impact of migration Government responses to migration Natural population growth and the city Introduction The previous chapters have established that Third World urb ani sation has undergone trem end ous acceleration and change over the last two decades. This chapt er will examine the two main components of this population expansion - migrati on and natural growth - not only to re-emphasise their relative importance (this is discussed in the broader demographic setting by Parnwell, 1993, and Findlay, 1994, in this series), but also to try to tease out of the discussion some of the forces which have influenced individual fam ilies in their decisions on these matters. In this way we can place some of the general economic and political issues raised in the previous chapt er into the household context. It is imp ortan t, therefore, to look beyond the demograph ic dimensions of urb an population growth and to consider the ways in which the changing qualitative composition, such as age, ethnic and skill structures, together with access to basic needs, affect urb an sustainability (Go uld, 1998), The two components of urb an population growth vary in relative importance through space and time, but in general, migrati on is more important in the early stages of urb an population growth when the prop orti on of national population living in towns and cities is low (Figure 3,I). As the urban proportion rises, so does the contributory role of natural growth, altho ugh only up to a certain point. Beyond this point, which is related more to the demographic cycle than to the absolute size ofurban population, urban fertil ity begins to decline
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2010 for the course PPD 250m taught by Professor Hindery during the Fall '06 term at USC.

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Drakakis-Smith Chapter 3 - 56 An historical perspective...

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