KidneyExchange145

KidneyExchange145 - Kidney Exchange Ichiro Obara UCLA Obara(UCLA Kidney Exchange 1 15 Kidney Exchange Kidney Exchange Obara(UCLA Kidney Exchange 2

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Unformatted text preview: Kidney Exchange Ichiro Obara UCLA January 12, 2009 Obara (UCLA) Kidney Exchange January 12, 2009 1 / 15 Kidney Exchange Kidney Exchange Obara (UCLA) Kidney Exchange January 12, 2009 2 / 15 Kidney Exchange Background Shortage of kidney for transplant (about 15000 kidneys are transplanted every year. About 80000 people in the waiting list). Ethical problem with market exchange. Transplants from spouse, parents, and relatives etc. But there are often mismatches. Here is the list of blood type compatibility (There are other issues such as the HLA type). I O → A , B , O , AB I A → A , AB I B → B , AB I AB → AB Obara (UCLA) Kidney Exchange January 12, 2009 3 / 15 Kidney Exchange Example Consider two donor-recipient pairs (donor 1, patient 1), (donor 2,patient 2). Recipient 1’s blood type is B and Donor 1’s (say, patient 1’s spouse) blood type is A . Recepient 2’s blood type is A and Donor 2’s blood type is B . Obara (UCLA) Kidney Exchange January 12, 2009 4 / 15 Kidney Exchange Example The blood types do not match for each pair. Their only option is to be on the waiting list and wait for a cadavar kidney with the right match. Why not exchange kidneys? There is no monetary transaction involved and both pairs are happy. Similarly three-way exchanges can save three pairs at the same time....
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2010 for the course ECON econ 145 taught by Professor Obara during the Winter '10 term at UCLA.

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KidneyExchange145 - Kidney Exchange Ichiro Obara UCLA Obara(UCLA Kidney Exchange 1 15 Kidney Exchange Kidney Exchange Obara(UCLA Kidney Exchange 2

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