PSYCH WEEK 2 - PSYCHWEEK2 Thinkingaboutyou,me,us&them...

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PSYCH WEEK 2 Thinking about you, me, us & them 1/12/10 -why study social cognition? -the phenomenological assumption -dual process thinking -intuition vs reason -affect-based judgments -self-enhancing biases -implicit egotism -expectancy-based judgments -perceptual confirmation processes -behavioral confirmation processes -bringing it all together: automatic prejudice Social Cognition is… -how we perceive and think about ourselves and each other, how we process and make meaning  about our social encounters -major field of research in social psychology -how does this relate to interest in situational determinants of behavior? Traditional Stimulus Response (S-R) View Stimulus (others’ behavior and situation context)   Response (your behavior and emotional  reactions) -the situation we perceive and the way we think a situation is influences how we respond  The Phenomenological Assumption “if men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences” -what we believe to be true (our own bias) affects our reactions Which describes us best? -do people think like scientist? -rational, thoughtful, methodical -ex: Kelley, attribution -or are people less rational? -emotional, thoughtless, impulsive -ex: the FAE  both describe us Dual Process Thinking
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-System 1: intuitive, reactive, emotional, associative, quick, effortless, slow-learning, automatic,  primitive -System 2: systematic, deliberate, cognitive, “rational”, slow, effortful, flexible, controlled, more  modern -people capable of both types of thinking (sometimes at same time) -system 1 is habitual and automatic while system 2 has to be initiated – when there is time,  resources, motivation -system 1 dominates when busy, stressed -Gilbert – “Thinking when loaded” experiment -proabortion vs. antiabortion -when loaded proabortion numbers are higher -both system 1 and system 2 are functional and necessary Two key types of system 1 biases -affective/emotional influences on judgment -our judgments are affected by what makes us feel good or bad
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  • Winter '10
  • PeterDitto
  • Elaboration likelihood model, automatic prejudice, ­behavioral confirmation, judgments ­perceptual confirmation

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