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01 Chptr - 1 1 Construction Graphics An Overview Key Terms...

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1 1 Construction Graphics: An Overview Key Terms American Institute of Architects (AIA) Architect/engineer (AE) As-built drawings Building codes Computer-aided design and drafting (CADD) Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) Dead load Delivery systems Design-build Design contract Dynamic load Engineering contractor General building contractor Geotechnical report Hardscape Hydrostatic load Integrated services delivery Live load National Cad Standard (NCS) Planning codes Prime contractor Prime design professional Shop drawings Specialty contractors Static load Substructure Superstructure Temporary structures Value engineering
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Work breakdown structure Zoning codes Key Concepts The probability of differences arising between people engaged in an endeavor rises exponentially with the number involved, as demonstrated by the following formula: 2"-1, where n is the number of participants and I is the single circumstance in which all participants agree. Objectives Describe many of the challenges that design professionals face in their work. List the principal participants in a construction project, and identify their roles. List and describe the principal categories of construction project. Describe the typical educational path of architects, engineers, and contractors. Differentiate the design professional's and constructor's responsibilities. 2 Introduction Graphics are indispensable to anyone trying to communicate a vision or describe an object to an audience. Ideas commonly originate as pictures, which their creators then translate into words or words and pictures when they want to share them with others (see Figures 1.1a and 1.1b). Indeed, combining pictures with words is the only reliable way to describe some objects, particularly complex ones such as machines, buildings, and other structures. Because professionals involved in designing construction projects must communicate particularly complex ideas, they typically do so through graphics. Therefore builders—whose responsibilities include interpreting the drawings and other documents that design professionals create, determining the means and methods of construction, and executing construction work in a safe and profitable manner—must have a thorough understanding of the graphics commonly used in construction projects. Graphics and Builders In the course of executing their work, contractors use drawings, specifications, and other documents extensively, and are responsible for producing shop drawings, as-built drawings, and drawings for temporary structures. They are responsible for effectively communicating work requirements to their employees and subcontractors. Constructors who fully understand the project they are planning to build and can effectively communicate the processes required to build it, orally, graphically, and in other ways, dramatically reduce the risk in the undertaking. Those who are alert to what the design professional is trying to
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