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14 Chptr - 335 14 Fabrication Drawings Key Terms Closeout...

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335 14 Fabrication Drawings Key Terms Closeout submittals Construction submittals Preconstruction submittals Shop drawings Submittal process Key Concepts Contracts for design and construction are essentially promises to the owner made by the design professional (for project design) and the contractor (for project construction) that the effort will conform to the buyer's expectations. The contractor promises to produce a building or other project according to the graphic and written descriptions provided by the design professional, to the specified quality, within the allotted time and budget. The protracted duration of many projects, the significant costs associated with their construction, and the difficulty of foreseeing the project's physical characteristics put the project buyer's intentions to a severe test. The construction process is therefore fraught with potential troubles. Solutions to the potential difficulties exist, and they take into consideration the expectations of the involved parties, and seek to educate and communicate effectively. Objectives Identify the purposes of the submittal process. Explain the role that fabrication drawings play in the construction process. 336 Problems Inherent in the Design and Construction Processes Recognizing the role that the expectations of participants in the construction process play is central to understanding potential areas of dispute. When an owner is asked to sign a construction contract, s/he is being asked to take a leap of faith, that after months of effort by hundreds of people and the expenditure of frequently millions of dollars (with what often seems like modest progress), the project for which the owner has contracted will become a reality, and that it will be what the owner had hoped. After all, an owner cannot drive to a nearby constructor's sales lot, examine a few buildings, and select a model to have made. The exception to this rule is of course production housing projects, where sales models are constructed specifically for that purpose. For virtually every other kind of project, the buyer must resort to the information developed by the design professional (the written program, renderings or digitally enhanced photographs, computer-generated or scale models of the project, and the drawings and specifications) to help an owner decide what to build. Under the best of circumstances, this
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information has its limitations, as noted repeatedly in this text, and it can be costly to generate. Consequently, owners do not always avail themselves of all the information that may help them understand what they are purchasing, with the occasional result that the project does not equate to the image that for months or years may have resided in the owner's mind (despite the often exhaustive efforts on the part of the design team to identify the owner's needs and wants). As noted in early chapters, accurately imagining a huge object based mostly on a desk-sized two-dimensional depiction of it or even a scale model is
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