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Archaeologists paper - FaihanAlqahtani ANTH104 41309 George...

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Faihan Alqahtani ANTH 104 4-13-09 George Washington Whisky Distillery In order for archaeologists to locate sites and recover data, or find sites and dig them, they have to start by excavating small holes known as the shovel test pits (STP) method. An example of how they used this STP method can be seen at the site of George Washington’s Whisky Distillery in Mt. Vernon, Illinois. The data that is recovered from the sites help the archaeologists to learn more about the topography of the land the site lies on and also the land that surrounds the site. Archaeologists use a wide variety of tools to survey, dig, document, and analyze sites and artifacts. These certain tools are used at different times during the recovering of the site. First, a grid system is laid out before digging begins and a transit, or a small telescope-like eyepiece on a tripod, is used to illustrate the layout of the ground. Next, a trowel is used to remove dirt and for smaller areas brushes, spoons, and dental picks are used to dig at the land and soil. The dirt that is dug up is put into buckets or
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