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Unformatted text preview: Personality Personality
Psychology 1001 03/03/10 03/03/10 introduction introduction Up Up to this point we have talked about similarities similarities Personality deals with individuality Where does it come from? Lots of ideas Lots of ways to study differences 03/03/10 03/03/10 Freud’s Psychoanalysis Freud’s Big influence in earlier years Not as big today MD Lotsa people were sick, but he could no Lotsa diagnose them with traditional methods diagnose Studied hypnosis Developed free association
03/03/10 03/03/10 Free Association Free Supposedly, it leads to the unconscious Stuff we aren’t aware of Memories Thoughts Desires Some things are temporarily in some sort Some of preconscious areas of Also from dreams, slips of the tongue etc
03/03/10 03/03/10 Personality development according so Siggy so Our Our personality arises from struggles between pleasures and restrictions between Satisfaction without punishment There are three subsystems that make There sure that we accomplish this sure 03/03/10 03/03/10 The three systems The Id Unconscious nasty psychic energy Operates on the pleasure principle Ego Gratify id in a reasonable way Reality principle Superego Our conscience Sort of the arch enemy of the id
03/03/10 03/03/10 Development Development According According to Freud we go through a series of psychosexual stages where the id focuses on different erogenous zones, this forms our personality forms Oral stage, first 18 months Anal stage, 18 months – 3 years Phallic stage 3-6 years
03/03/10 03/03/10 Icky stuff Icky During During the phallic stage we go though the Oedipus complex Oedipus Resolved through identification Girls have penis envy….. Latency until puberty Genital stage Is mature sexuality We fixate on stages with unresolved We conflicts conflicts
03/03/10 03/03/10 Defense mechanisms Defense We use these to get though daily life Repression Regression Reaction formation Projection Rationalization Displacement All are unconscious
03/03/10 03/03/10 Freud was whacked Freud There were dissenters Erikson Jung Get at unconscious with the Rorschach Get test or the TAT test These tests are about as reliable as the These farmer’s almanac… farmer’s
03/03/10 03/03/10 So, what do modern psychologists think of this crap, err, this theory think Dreams? Repression Unconscious Early development vs. life long change? Biggest problem is that it is all post hoc No prediction NOT A SCIENTIFIC THEORY
03/03/10 03/03/10 Trait perspective Trait Maybe, Maybe, instead of worrying about the unconscious, we could worry about the conscious? conscious? Could try classifying Could people people Doesn’t Doesn’t well well work all that Describing? Eysenck’s
03/03/10 03/03/10 ideas The Big 5 The Emotional stability Extroversion Openness Agreeableness Conscientiousness There may be more, but you get the idea Assessed with questionnaires
03/03/10 03/03/10 Personality inventories Personality MMPI Empirically driven Make predictions Objective vs. projective tests You can catch a cheater Are people consistent? Situation important too Epstein (1983) Overall style vs. given behaviour
03/03/10 03/03/10 Humanistic approach Humanistic Sort of holistic Mazlow Self-actualization Fulfilling our potential Mazlow Mazlow studied the successful successful Self-accepting Courage Courage to be different different
03/03/10 03/03/10 Carl Rogers Carl Hi Hi views were pretty similar similar “People are generally People good” good” Need to be in a Need growth promoting environment environment Genuineness Acceptance empathy
03/03/10 03/03/10 Humanism Humanism Unconditional positive regard Self concept, positive or negative, is Self valued valued How do you measure this stuff? Questionnaires? Interviews? Self-esteem has been looked at quite a bit 03/03/10 03/03/10 Self-esteem Self-esteem Feelings of self worth Higher self esteem, better day to day life Happier Less drug use Sleep better Less of those, more likely to be depressed Maybe goes in the other direction?
03/03/10 03/03/10 Esteem Esteem Not only in one direction Make someone feel lousy, they are more likely Make to act like a jerk to Minorities don’t have lower self esteem Most people have pretty high self esteem Self serving bias Not that surprising, but don’t push it to the Not delusional delusional Pretty Western-centric
03/03/10 03/03/10 Humanism is another ism Humanism Very influential ideas Self esteem, self worth a big ides, Self important in education But…. Vague Self actualization = self indulgence? People probably are NOT basically good
03/03/10 03/03/10 Social Cognitive Perspective Social Importance Importance of the effect of external events on our behaviour on Reciprocal Reciprocal determinism determinism Locus of control Locus is another big issue issue
03/03/10 03/03/10 Overt Behaviour Personal Factors Environment Social cognition Social Learned Learned helplessness is the ultimate in external LOC external Past behaviour predicts future behaviour Biggest criticism is that traits are ignored 03/03/10 03/03/10 conclusions conclusions People are consistent Can be measured Freud was nuts Situation plays a role too 03/03/10 03/03/10 ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY PSYC1107A taught by Professor Brodbeck during the Winter '10 term at Algoma University.
- Winter '10