Experimentalists - 07:20 Lecture 1 Three American...

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07:20 Lecture 1 Three American Experimentalists, Charles Ives, Henry Cowell, John Cage, one significant tendency in American 20 th , and 21 st century music has been Experimentalism Composers such as Charles Ives, Henry Cowell, and John Cage experimented with new musical resources They explores novel instruments and sounds, and new approaches to pitch, rhythm, form and texture Sometimes they were inspired by idea of ancient times and non-western cultures, and sometime by newly emerging technologies This lecture will introduce you to Ives, Cowell, and Cage, some of there unusual ideas, and some representative examples of there music Charles Ives Born in Danbury, Connecticut in 1874, Charles Ives received a traditional musical training as a boy he studied piano and organ, and as a student at Yale University, he took courses in music theory and composition with the composer Horatio Parker Yet his father George, a maverick bandmaster and church musician, instilled in him curiosity and a desire to experiment in sound After college Ives decided that he neither wanted to pander to the taste of mass audiences nor “starve on dissonances,” and thus he soon took a job in the insurance business in New York City Ives pursued a double career as a highly successful insurance executive and as a prolific composer, writing music in the evening, on weekends and on vacation In 1918 however his busy schedule took a toll on his health, at the age of 44, he suffered a sever heart attack, which drastically limited his creative activities While his compositions initially attracted little attention – Ives was even charges with amateurism due to his day job They were gradually discovered and performed by younger musicians from the late 1930’s Ives, who died in 1954 at age 79, was actually able to witness the growing success of his music In 1947 he even received the Pulitzer Prize got his Third Symphony written in 1904 Today he is considered as one of the greatest composers and original spirits in American classical music Since Ives was deeply imbedded in the New England environment and heritage, he musically paid tribute to its landscapes, literary tradition and soundscapes.
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He wrote a set of pieces called Three Places in New England (1914) in which the last movement sonically captures the atmosphere of a river and its surroundings: “The Housatonic at Stockbridge.” The Housatonic at Stockbridge-Charles Ives His Concord Sonata for piano is dedicated to the nineteenth-century transcendentalist writers Rolf Waldron Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorn, Luis San May Alcott and her family, and Henry David Throe who all lived in Concord, Massachusetts. In many of his works Ives samples the everyday sounds of his surroundings: marching bands performing in holiday parades, church hymns, popular songs, fiddle tunes, and ragtime While Ives preserved some traditional elements, he changed, thanks to experimentation he changed many others and thus produced musical idioms known as modernist
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Experimentalists - 07:20 Lecture 1 Three American...

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