powwow - 01:18 Lecture 1 -When most people think of North...

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01:18 Lecture 1 -When most people think of North American Indian music, what you have just heard is what comes to mind, because that’s how television and movies have envisioned the sound of Indian music -However, what you heard is a typical powwow song, and powwow songs are only one kind of Indian music. -Just as it would be wrong to say that all rock music sounds the same, so it is wrong to think that all Indian music is the same -Just as there is punk rock, hard rock, soft rock, Motown, etc -So to the number and variety of North American Indian music are many and varied often differing from culture to culture -Here we are only going to examine only one kind of Indian music -Powwow Music we will look at it for two reasons o one because it is what the media have engrained in our ears o and two because there is a definite variety of “sounds” within that one thing called powwow songs. When you are finished with this lecture you should know the history and development of powwow over the last 100 years o What a powwow is, what a grand entrance is, how a fancy dance is different from a jingle dance, and much much more The music echoes across the plains of north America, the drums reverberating as the heart beat of mother earth, dancers moving clockwise to a rhythm that flows through them like blood in there veins, the blood of there ancestors The contemporary powwow is an intertribal event that takes place in many locations across the United States and Canada It is much more than just a group of people getting together and dancing It is a sharing of friendship and Indian identity often associated with external events such as parades, game playing, food booths, and the selling of Indian wares especially those associated with the regalia worn by the dancers It also includes from one to twenty or more “drums” that provide the music for the dancers There is also a northern and southern powwow circuit, summer and winter, and many people follow the circuit traveling 40 to 50 thousand miles over a period of months to attend these events
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The modern powwow has its roots in pre-reservation traditions, namely warrior society customers that many tribes of the Southern and Northern plains participate in Warrior societies are “clubs” in which men and sometimes women meet to share, celebrate and reenact war and hunting deeds through song and dance A specific warrior society that originated with the Pawnee in the 1820’s is viewed as the progenitor of the Powwow The society was called ‘Iruska’ by the Pawnee. Which translates to the “fire is in me” The ceremony revolved around warriors pulling pieces of hot meat from a kettle of boiling water or oil without injury The ceremony diffused from the Southern Plains through the Northern Plains from the 1830’s to the late 1880’s becoming the most prevalent warrior society dance among plains tribes With diffusion came changes to the name of the ceremony
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powwow - 01:18 Lecture 1 -When most people think of North...

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