11-26 - Basic flying rules o Tropopause Air o o o o 78% nit...

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Basic flying rules o Tropopause Division between troposphere and stratosphere 60.000’ at equatos 20,000’ at poles Air o 78% nit o 21% ox o 5% water o 1% argon, helium, carbon dioxide Transfer of heat o Radiation All bodies radiate heat energy o Conduction Direct contact o Convection Moving airmass Local solar heating o Local circulation o Sea breeze by day o Land breeze by night Coriolis effect o Wind flowing from the north will turn right, traveling west
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o Wind flowing from south will turn right, traveling east Geotrophic wind o Two influences on moving air streams Pressure gradient force Coriolis effect o Wind is turned until it parallels isobars Speed is proportional to pressure gradient Surface wind o Friction between ground and wind is ingluenced for about 2000’ AGL o Friction layer slows gradient wind o As wind is slowed coriolis effect is decreased there but gradient pressure force remains the same o As a result gradient wind is turned in toward low and turned out from
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This note was uploaded on 03/03/2010 for the course AERF 1103 taught by Professor Visser during the Fall '08 term at LeTourneau.

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11-26 - Basic flying rules o Tropopause Air o o o o 78% nit...

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