PSYC 101 Chapter 6 Power Points

PSYC 101 Chapter 6 Power Points - Memory Chapter 6 Chapter...

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Memory Chapter 6
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Chapter 6 Learning Objective Menu LO 6.1 Memory and the three processes of memory LO 6.2 Sensory memory LO 6.3 Short-term or working memory LO 6.4 Long-term memory LO 6.5 Different types of long-term memory LO 6.6 Kinds of cues that help people remember LO 6.7 How recall and recognition differ LO 6.8 How long-term memories are formed LO 6.9 False memory syndrome LO 6.10 Different causes of forgetting LO 6.11 How and where memories are formed in the brain LO 6.12 Amnesia and Alzheimer’s disease
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Memory and Its Processes Memory - an active system that receives information from the senses, organizes and alters it as it stores it away, and then retrieves the information from storage. Processes of Memory: Encoding - the set of mental operations that people perform on sensory information to convert that information into a form that is usable in the brain’s storage systems. Storage - holding onto information for some period of time. Retrieval - getting information that is in storage into a form that can be used. LO 6.1 Memory and the three processes of memory Menu
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Models of Memory Information-processing model - model of memory that assumes the processing of information for memory storage is similar to the way a computer processes memory in a series of three stages. Levels-of-processing model - model of memory that assumes information that is more “deeply processed,” or processed according to its meaning rather than just the sound or physical characteristics of the word or words, will be remembered more efficiently and for a longer period of time. Parallel distributed processing (PDP) model - a model of memory in which memory processes are proposed to take place at the same time over a large network of neural connections. LO 6.1 Memory and the three processes of memory Menu
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Menu LO 6.1 Memory and the three processes of memory
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Sensory Memory Sensory memory - the very first stage of memory, the point at which information enters the nervous system through the sensory systems. Iconic memory - visual sensory memory, lasting only a fraction of a second. Capacity – everything that can be seen at one time. Duration - information that has just entered iconic memory will be pushed out very quickly by new information, a process called masking. Eidetic imagery - the rare ability to access a visual memory for 30 seconds or more. LO 6.2 Sensory memory Menu
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Menu LO 6.2 Sensory memory
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Sensory Memory Echoic memory - the brief memory of something a person has just heard. Capacity - limited to what can be heard at any one moment and is smaller than the capacity of iconic memory Duration – lasts longer that iconic — about 2 to 4 seconds LO 6.2 Sensory memory Menu
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Short-term memory (STM) (working memory) - the memory system in which information is held for brief periods of time while being used. Selective attention
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This note was uploaded on 03/03/2010 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Nahad during the Spring '07 term at Ivy Tech Community College.

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PSYC 101 Chapter 6 Power Points - Memory Chapter 6 Chapter...

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