PSYC 101 Chapter 13 PowerPoints

PSYC 101 Chapter 13 PowerPoints - Theories of Personality...

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Theories of Personality Chapter 13
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Chapter 13 Learning Objective Menu LO 13.1 Personality from various perspectives LO 13.2 Freud’s historical views of personality LO 13.3 Jung, Adler, Horney, and Erikson’s modifications LO 13.4 How does modern psychoanalytic theory differ from Freud LO 13.5 Behavioral and social cognitive explanations of personality LO 13.6 How humanists explain personality LO 13.7 The history and current views of the trait perspective LO 13.8 Biology, heredity and cultural roles in personality LO 13.9 Advantages and disadvantages of various measure of personality
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Personality Personality - the unique and relatively stable ways in which people think, feel, and behave. Character - value judgments of a person’s moral and ethical behavior. Temperament - the enduring characteristics with which each person is born. LO 13.1 Personality Menu
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Four Perspectives in Study of Personality Psychoanalytic Behavioristic (including social cognitive theory) Humanistic Trait perspectives LO 13.1 Personality Menu
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Sigmund Freud Founder of the psychoanalytic movement in psychology. Europe during the Victorian age. Men were understood to be unable to control their “animal” desires at times, and a good Victorian husband would father several children with his wife and then turn to a mistress for sexual comfort, leaving his virtuous wife untouched. Women, especially those of the upper classes, were not supposed to have sexual urges. Backdrop for this theory. LO 13.2 Freud’s historical views of personality Menu
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Divisions of Consciousness Preconscious mind - level of the mind in which information is available but not currently conscious. Conscious mind - level of the mind that is aware of immediate surroundings and perceptions. Unconscious mind - level of the mind in which thoughts, feelings, memories, and other information are kept that are not easily or voluntarily brought into consciousness. Can be revealed in dreams and Freudian slips of the tongue. LO 13.2 Freud’s historical views of personality Menu
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Freud’s Theory: Parts of Personality Id - part of the personality present at birth and completely unconscious. Libido - the instinctual energy that may come into conflict with the demands of a society’s standards for behavior. Pleasure principle - principle by which the id functions; the immediate satisfaction of needs without regard for the consequences. Ego - part of the personality that develops out of a need to deal with reality, mostly conscious, rational, and logical. Reality principle - principle by which the ego functions; the satisfaction of the demands of the id only when negative consequences will not result. Superego
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PSYC 101 Chapter 13 PowerPoints - Theories of Personality...

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