PSYC 101 Chapter 14 PowerPoints

PSYC 101 Chapter 14 PowerPoints - Psychological Disorders...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychological Disorders Chapter 14
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Chapter 14 Learning Objective Menu LO 14.1 Explanations of mental illness and defining abnormal behavior LO 14.2 How disorders relate to biological and psychological models LO 14.3 Types of psychological disorders LO 14.4 Types and symptoms of anxiety disorders LO 14.5 Types of somatoform disorders LO 14.6 Types of dissociative disorders LO 14.7 Types of mood disorders and their causes LO 14.8 Main symptoms, types and causes of schizophrenia LO 14.9 Types and causes of personality disorders LO 14.10 Seasonal affective disorder
Background image of page 2
Early Explanations of Mental Illness In ancient times holes were cut in an ill person’s head to let out evil spirits in a process called trepanning . Hippocrates believed that mental illness came from an imbalance in the body’s four humors. In the Middle Ages, the mentally ill were labeled as witches. LO 14.1 Explanations of mental illness and defining abnormal behavior Menu
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Definitions of Abnormality Psychopathology - the study of abnormal behavior. Psychological disorders - any pattern of behavior that causes people significant distress, causes them to harm others, or harms their ability to function in daily life. LO 14.1 Explanations of mental illness and defining abnormal behavior Menu
Background image of page 4
Definitions of Abnormality Definitions of Abnormality: Statistical: Does Frequency = Normality? Deviant from social norms Situational context - the social or environmental setting of a person’s behavior. Subjective discomfort - emotional distress or emotional pain. Maladaptive - anything that does not allow a person to function within or adapt to the stresses and everyday demands of life. LO 14.1 Explanations of mental illness and defining abnormal behavior Menu
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Biology and Psychopathology Biological model – model of explaining behavior as caused by biological changes in the chemical, structural, or genetic systems of the body. LO 14.2 How disorders relate to biological and psychological models Menu
Background image of page 6
Psychological Viewpoints of Psychopathology Psychoanalytic theorists - assume that abnormal behavior stems from repressed conflicts and urges that are fighting to become conscious. Behaviorists - see abnormal behavior as learned. Cognitive theorists - see abnormal behavior as coming from irrational beliefs and illogical patterns of thought. LO 14.2 How disorders relate to biological and psychological models Menu
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cultural relativity - the need to consider the unique characteristics of the culture in which behavior takes place. Culture-bound syndromes – disorders found only in particular cultures. LO 14.2
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/03/2010 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Nahad during the Spring '07 term at Ivy Tech Community College.

Page1 / 50

PSYC 101 Chapter 14 PowerPoints - Psychological Disorders...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online