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9702 管理學覆誦&egrave

9702 管理學覆誦è

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1 Today 1 °Ch6~Ch7 17:30~18:10 Ch07 (50 m) 18:15~19:00 Q&A
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Management Chapter 7 Foundations of Planning l % ~ 1 ° ° [email protected]
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3 The functions of management Planning Ch 6~Ch9 Ch6 Decision Making Ch7 Foundations of Planning Ch8 Strategic Management Ch9 Planning Tools and Techniques Organizing Ch10~Ch13 Leading Ch14~Ch17 Controlling Ch18~Ch19 Ch18 Foundations of Control
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4 Outline 1. What Is Planning? define vs. purposes formal vs. informal planning planning vs. performance 2. Why Do Managers Plan? 3. How Do Managers Plan? define goals vs. plans the types of goals organizations real goals different types of plans.
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5 4. Establishing Goals traditional goal setting works the means–end chain the management by objective (MBO) approach well-designed goals the steps in setting goals. 5. Developing Plans Discuss the contingency factors that affect planning. Describe the approaches to planning.
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6 6. Contemporary Issues in Planning Explain the criticisms of planning and whether they’re valid. Describe how managers can effectively plan in today’s dynamic environment.
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7 Keywords Planning vs. plans Goals vs. plans stated goals vs. real goals strategic plans vs. operational plans specific plans vs. directional plans single-use plan vs. standing plans traditional goal setting management by objectives (MBO) commitment concept
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8 1. What is Planning ? ( 1 ° ) A primary managerial activity that involves: ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ¤ Defining the organization’s goals w ” ~ “ k ° Establishing an overall strategy for achieving those goals ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ¤ s   Developing plans for organizational work activities. ± ² U j 1 S ° ° ³ F ´ ” “ k ° ° %
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9 Types of planning Informal ( ± % ~ ) : not written down, short- term focus; specific to an organizational unit. Formal ( 1 ° ° °) : written, specific, and long- term focus, involves shared goals for the organization. planning formal planning ( in this book) planning processes vs. formal plans ± % ~ ” “ (planning) 1 ° °1 1 ° ° ° (plan)
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10 2. Why Do Managers Plan? Purposes of Planning ( ‚ U ~ ” “ ) Provides direction ‚ U ~ ” “ k ‚ U ~ ” “ k ° Reduces uncertainty 1 ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° l ” µ ” Minimizes waste and redundancy 1 ° °° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° l ” Sets the standards for controlling ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° l ” µ ‚ U ~ ” “ k
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11 Relationship Between Planning & Performance ( ¤ / ~ ) Use formal planning do not always outperform those that do not plan Formal planning is associated with: Higher profits and returns on assets and Positive financial results.
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