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9702 管理學覆誦&egrave

9702 管理學覆誦è

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    Management Chapter 13  Managing  Change  and  Innovation h * [email protected]
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    Terms to Know (1/3) Organizational change ¨ R °   Forces for Change ¨ R ° Change Process Viewpoints ¨ R ° „ “ x ±   The Calm Waters Metaphor ¨ R °     vs. White-Water Rapids Metaphor r± ± ± Change agent ¨ R ° „ “ x  
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    Terms to Know (2/3) Managing Resistance to Change r ± ± ± Types of Change ” ˙ d ‚ “ °   vs. r ±   vs. r ±   vs. r ± ± ± Managing Resistance to Change r ± ± ± Contemporary Issues in Managing Change Changing Organizational Cultures ” ˙ d ‚ “ x   Employee Stress ” ˙ d ‚  
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    Terms to Know (3/3) Stimulating Innovation ‚ ² ³ »   Creativity ‚ ² ³    vs. Innovation r ±  
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    What Is Change? Organizational Change Any alterations in the people , structure , or technology of an organization Characteristics of Change Is constant yet varies in degree and direction Creates both threats r ± and opportunities r ± Managing change is an integral part of every manager’s job.
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    Organizational change                             -  Forces  for Change  Internal Forces Changes in organizational strategy Workforce changes o ¤ˇ d ‚ “ * New equipment Employee attitudes o o °° External Forces Marketplace ¤ ˇ d * ° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° °   Governmental laws and regulations Technology ¤ ˇ d ‚ “ * ° o   Labor market ¤ ˇ d ‚ “ * ° @ ± ² ³ + °° ° ° ° ° ° ¤ ˇ d ‚ “ * °   Economic changes o ° ° ° @ ± ² ³ +° ° ° ° ° ° ° o °  
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    Change Process Viewpoints  h   The  Calm  Waters  Metaphor  Lewin’s
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