1156467-AP-US-History-Review - US History Review...

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US History Review TERMS/IDs (black stars) Separatist and Non-Separatist Puritans: The Separatists were Pilgrims that arrived because they were sick of religious persecution. A separatist believed saints shouldn’t worship together; they didn’t like how EVERYONE had to go to Church. Non-Separatist Puritans wanted a purity of worship and doctrine; harassed; lacked the authority to prevent others from worshipping as they pleased. Joint-stock company: Sometimes a number of people invested money in a company that planned to set up a colony in the New World. Each person who invested money owned a part of the company. Massachusetts Bay was a joint-stock colony established by the Massachusetts Bay Company. Jamestown: Disorder. Tobacco and trading with England became the economic basis for the colony. The settlers of Jamestown faced many problems: bad weather, dirty water (disease), food production was bad, and land wasn’t suited for agriculture. They also faced moral problems: religious toleration and lack of motivation. Additional colonists were persuaded to come to Jamestown because they would be freed from religious persecution, easy wealth, and no debt. Plymouth: A harsh setting that was disorganized. Not much of a government. The Pilgrims founded Plymouth on Dec. 21, 1620, establishing a settlement that became the seat of Plymouth Colony in 1633 and a part of Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691. The Pilgrims were English Separatists who founded (1620) Plymouth Colony in New England. In the first years of the 17th century, small numbers of English Puritans broke away from the Church of England because they felt that it had not completed the work of the Reformation. They committed themselves to a life based on the Bible. Most of these Separatists were farmers, poorly educated and without social or political standing Mayflower Compact: It was the first governing document of the Plymouth colony. It was a social contract which instated that people had to follow rules and regulations of the government. John Winthrop, Mass. Bay Colony: Puritan leader. Mass. Bay Colony = utopia. Mass. Bay Colony = better organized, no starving times, became populated really fast, organized plans before arriving, and even amount of women & men. The economic circumstances were that they brought the charter with them and it provided shareholders. The colonists were organized in a fair cross section. There were different age groups and social classes. John Winthrop: “We shall be as a city upon a hill.” that Old England will realize the Puritan ways. He was also a prominent English Puritan who elected to emigrate to America rather than live in a country he believed sinful and a target to divine wrath. He was governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony ten of the colony’s first twenty years and a major force in shaping the colony’s character. Half-Way Covenant:
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1156467-AP-US-History-Review - US History Review...

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