nutrition paper final copy - The Effect of Artificial...

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The Effect of Artificial Sweeteners on Weight Control Jamie Cohen NS 1150: Nutrition, Health, and Society NS 1160 TA: Lee-Ann Lugg Due: 11/30/09 Final Copy
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Many people who are weight conscientious choose healthier low calorie foods to control or lose weight . In order to make their diets less bland and tasteless, artificial sweeteners (AS) have added more taste to food without the high caloric value . AS have become more and more prevalent . The number of Americans that consume products containing sugar-free sweeteners grew from 70 million in 1987 to about 160 million in 2000 . However, over the same time period, the incidence of obesity has increased from about 15% to 30% and it is continually increasing (Swithers et al . 2008) . Because the consumption of artificial sweeteners has become so popular, it is important to ask if the effect of AS contradicts the purpose that people substitute it for sucrose —for weight loss . The controversy of artificial sweeteners is an extremely important one relating to health and nutrition . Many nutritionists and organizations are constantly trying to promote ways in which will prevent and cure obesity . Nutritionists have always promoted obese people to cut their caloric intake, which would lead those people to substitute sugar for artificial sweeteners . However, if AS actually causes weight gain, obese people are following the wrong advice to use artificial sweeteners . Although, if AS do not affect weight or even promote weight loss, overweight people might tend to diet more if they could add sweeter foods into their diet . Determining whether artificial sweeteners cause weight gain or not is very important concerning overall health and the treatment of obesity . One argument is that artificial sweeteners cause weight gain and is thus leading to the prevalence of obesity . Some suggest that when the sweetness of the food is not predictive of caloric value it results in the body’s appetite increasing so it consumes the calories that it was preparing for when AS was consumed (Swithers et al . 2008) . The other argument is that AS do not cause weight gain . Since AS have zero calories, it could help overweight people reduce their caloric intake if they substitute it for regular sugar . The argument that artificial sweeteners do not cause weight gain is best supported by the experiments conducted by Swithers et al . (2008) and Fowler et al . (2008) . The two studies that supports AS consumption causing weight gain have weaknesses that are too significant to ignore. However, the other argument is that AS do not cause weight gain because they don’t provide any caloric value to food rather than sucrose as proved by Raben et a. (2002) and Tordoff et al. (1990).
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In the Fowler et al . (2008) experiment, the San Antonio Heart Study was analyzed to determine if artificially sweetened beverage (ASB) consumption had an effect on weight gain (2008) . This study was conducted in 1978-1979, which analyzed height, weight, and ASB
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This note was uploaded on 03/03/2010 for the course NUTR 115 at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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nutrition paper final copy - The Effect of Artificial...

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