psych prelim 2 short - Psych Shortened Review -social...

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Psych Shortened Review -social learning theory: we should learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished -gender schema theory: children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behavior accordingly -divided consciousness theory: hypnosis has caused a split in awareness vs -social influence theory: subject so caught up in role that ignores stimulus -depressants (He Only Buys Alcohol) heroin, opiates, barbiturates, alcohol -stimulants (meth can always cause negative effects): meth, cocaine, amphetamine, caffeine, nicotine, ecstasy -hallucinogens: LCD, THC (marijuana) -signal detection theory: not based on single threshold…but experiences, expectations, etc -priming: ie: subliminal pics before an image -weber’s law: to be perceived as 2 diff stimulus, need a constant min % -pupil (controlled by iris—thru lens (accommodation)) retina (rods/cones/neurons) optic nerve -fovea: central focal point in retina which cones cluster (bipolar, ganglion, on) -young helmoholtz trichormatic theory: 3 diff color receptors –one most sensitive to red, one to green, one to blue…additive color mixing -opponent processing theory: opposing retinal processes enable color vision -outer ear ear drum middle ear (hammer, stirrup, anvil) cochlea oval window basilar membrane hair-like projections nerve impulses auditory nerve auditory cortex -place theory: pitch determined where vibrations hit cochlea’s membrane -frequency theory: rate of nerve impulses traveling up auditory nerve matches it -conduction hearing loss: caused by damage to what conducts waves to cochlea
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psych prelim 2 short - Psych Shortened Review -social...

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