Chap1 and 2

Chap1 and 2 - Chapter 1 Review Questions 1. There is no...

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Chapter 1 Review Questions 1. There is no difference. Throughout this text, the words “host” and “end system” are used interchangeably. End systems include PCs, workstations, Web servers, mail servers, Internet- connected PDAs, WebTVs, etc. 2. Suppose Alice, an ambassador of country A wants to invite Bob, an ambassador of country B, over for dinner. Alice doesn’t simply just call Bob on the phone and say, “come to our dinner table now”. Instead, she calls Bob and suggests a date and time. Bob may respond by saying he’s not available that particular date, but he is available another date. Alice and Bob continue to send “messages” back and forth until they agree on a date and time. Bob then shows up at the embassy on the agreed date, hopefully not more than 15 minutes before or after the agreed time. Diplomatic protocols also allow for either Alice or Bob to politely cancel the engagement if they have reasonable excuses. 3. A networking program usually has two programs, each running on a different host, communicating with each other. The program that initiates the communication is the client. Typically, the client program requests and receives services from the server program. 4. 1. Dial-up modem over telephone line: residential; 2. DSL over telephone line: residential or small office; 3. Cable to HFC: residential; 4. 100 Mbps switched Etherent: company; 5. Wireless LAN: mobile; 6. Cellular mobile access (for example, WAP): mobile 5. HFC bandwidth is shared among the users. On the downstream channel, all packets emanate from a single source, namely, the head end. Thus, there are no collisions in the downstream channel. 6. Current possibilities include: dial-up; DSL; cable modem; fiber-to-the-home. 7. Ethernet LANs have transmission rates of 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, 1 Gbps and 10 Gbps. For an X Mbps Ethernet (where X = 10, 100, 1,000 or 10,000), a user can continuously transmit at the rate X Mbps if that user is the only person sending data. If there are more than one active user, then each user cannot continuously transmit at X Mbps. 8. Ethernet most commonly runs over twisted-pair copper wire and “thin” coaxial cable. It also can run over fibers optic links and thick coaxial cable. 9. Dial up modems: up to 56 Kbps, bandwidth is dedicated; ISDN: up to 128 kbps, bandwidth is dedicated; ADSL: downstream channel is .5-8 Mbps, upstream channel is up to 1 Mbps, bandwidth is dedicated; HFC, downstream channel is 10-30 Mbps and upstream channel is usually less than a few Mbps, bandwidth is shared. FTTH: 2-10Mbps upload; 10-20 Mbps download; bandwidth is not shared. 10. There are two most popular wireless Internet access technologies today: a) Wireless LAN
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In a wireless LAN, wireless users transmit/receive packets to/from a base station (wireless access point) within a radius of few tens of meters. The base station is typically connected to the wired Internet and thus serves to connect wireless users to the wired network. b)
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Chap1 and 2 - Chapter 1 Review Questions 1. There is no...

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