Monroe_Doctrine_and_Manifest_Destiny -...

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(HIS-243154-01-09SP1) Latin America: History, Politics & U.S. Policy Essay Assignment #1 In 1823, arguably the most famous (or infamous) doctrine asserting U.S. foreign policy was made. President Monroe’s 7th annual message i to Congress put on notice to Europe that America is an independent nation with a sovereign agenda. In order to ensure domination of the western hemisphere, Monroe stated “that the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.” ii With no equivocation, this nation was becoming a global player. Now the term Manifest Destiny was never a codified doctrine presented by any governing body, it was a belief system in the God given rights by white people to expand their borders into lands which were held on by people of color. About 20 years after the Monroe Doctrine iii , this phrase appeared to fortify the will of U.S. expansion and control. This has strong connections to our dealing with Latin America, especially since the term Manifest Destiny came about as the justification for the Mexican-American War. If we go to the south side of Chicago and see the University of Chicago and the Chicago Boys, go south to Georgia and look at the School of Americas , then go further south to examine the history of our Texas/Mexican relations then travel to Central and South America and venture out to the Caribbean, analyze our historical and present day dealings with the Spanish speaking nations in this
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hemisphere and we will see that these policies, one de facto the other de jure, still dictate our dealings. When we think of Latin America, everything south of Texas comes to mind to most of us. Interestingly enough, it started with the Texas War of Independence which lasted from 1835-36. That then enabled the U.S. to make Texas a state. 10 years later, President James K. Polk stated in front of Congress in 1846 “American blood had been shed on Ameri can soil", they responded with a war declaration iv . History now tells us that the U.S. wanted to purchase California from Mexico in order to have a port on the Pacific Ocean to quell British ambition and for U.S. expansion. Since they couldn’t purchase the area and there was still a conflict regarding the U.S. Mexican border after the Texas War of Independence, war was inevitable v . The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American war in 1848. That 2 year conflict enabled the U.S. to
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This note was uploaded on 03/03/2010 for the course HIS 243154 taught by Professor Unknown during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Empire State.

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Monroe_Doctrine_and_Manifest_Destiny -...

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