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CivPro_Ifill - I II A Capronv.VanNorden(.Dwins. Pburden 1

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A SURVEY OF CIVIL ACTION I. An Outline of Civil Procedure In action  II. The Authority to Proceed with Action A. Subject Matter Jurisdiction A party cannot consent or waive SMJ -  Capron v. Van Norden  (P did not disclose residence.  D wins.  P questions DJ on appeal) P burden 1. Diversity Jurisdiction:  USC 28 § 1332  2. Federal Question:  USC 28 § 1331  B. Personal Jurisdiction Can be waived.  FRCP Rule 12(h), 12 (h)(3) C. Must be an actual controversy and real parties. ( USC Art. 3, 3: Cases and controversies requirement) D. Standing 1. Cannot be moot:  Relief no longer available 2. Cannot be unripe:  Anticipated but yet to happen.   E. Service of Process Invalid of procured by fraud.   Tickle v. Barton  (P fraudulently lured D into jurisdiction proper for  service) III. Defining and Determining the Case Before Trial A. Pleadings (Rule 7A).  There shall be a complaint, answer, reply to counter-claim, third party complaint. 1. P must state a claim upon which relief may be granted. It is not the duty of the court to create a claim.   Case v. State  (Contract provided that D could terminate P without cause.  P sued for wrongful  termination) a) Rule 12(b)(6) – As an affirmative defense D may move to dismiss for failure to state a claim.  (Will be  disposed of under proceedings of rule 56) B.  Additional Parties 1. Joinder FRCP Rule 19: Uniting of parties under lawsuit  a) If necessary and indispensable (without destroying SMJ) parties  shall  be joined. i. Joint tortfeasors (permissive parties) are not necessary parties under Rule 19 Temple v. Synthes  (P brought products liability suit against doctor/hospital and  manufacturer) o Possibility that both made separate mistakes b)  Policy:  Preventing multiple lawsuits 2. Impleader FRCP Rule 14:  (a) D action bringing 3 rd  party into lawsuit (derivative liability) (b) P action  following a counterclaim.   C.  Discovery (Rule 26) 1. Trial Preparation Materials: Rule 26 (3)(b) Must demonstrate need of materials to develop case and inability to acquire materials without  undue hardship (FRCP notes on rule 26) 2. Policy: a) Efficiency i. Many items of evidence may need authentication.  Doing so during trial would be slow. DiMichel v. South Buffalo  (P seeking order for D to turn over videotape during employement) b)  Fairness ii. Preventing surprise at trial.   D. Summary Judgment (Rule 56) 1. Judgment entered upon motion by a party who claims that a  lack of material fact in respect to an issue warrants disposition of the issue without consideration by the jury 1
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Alderman v. Baltimore  (P sued D railway for injury.  Could not show knowledge of defect, negligence 
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