Chapter 13- Personality Disorders

Chapter 13- Personality Disorders - CHAPTER 13: PERSONALITY...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 13: PERSONALITY DISORDERS • Personality Traits- our individual reactions that are predictable and consistent • Usually begins in adolescence or young adulthood (can be in children) • Between 9-13% of all adults in USA • Axis 1 o Acute disorders o Often begin as a noticeable change in personas usual behavior and have a limited duration • Axis 2 o Long standing that usually begin well b4 adulthood and continue into adult life o Personality disorders are here o not marked by change in persons usually behavior and are in many cases of limited duration • Comorbidity- when a personality disorder is in combo w/ an Axis 1 disorder • Perhaps personality disorders are ground work for Axis 1 disorder • Research shows that that presence of a personality disorder complicates a person’s chances for a successful recovery from psychological problems • Clusters- the 3 different categories that the DSM-IV categorizes the 10 different personality disorders o Group One Odd behavior, Paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorder o Group Two Dramatic behavior Antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic o Group Three High anxiety • Avoidant, dependent, OCD • Many diagnosticians use more than one diagnosis b/c overlap so much GROUP 1 “ODD” PERSONALITY DISORDERS • Display off or eccentric behaviors that are similar to but not as extensive as schizophrenia including extreme suspiciousness social withdrawal and peculiar ways of thinking and perceiving • Often leaves the person feeling isolated • Some clinicians believe personality disorder are related to schizophrenia • Schizophrenia-Spectrum Disorders- the theory that personality disorders are related to schizophrenia PARANOID PERSONALITY DISORDER • Deeply distrust other ppl and r suspicious of their motives • They believe that everyone intend them harm • They avoid close relationships • Find “hidden” meanings in everything • Quick to point out weakness in others • .5-3% of adults in country • More men than women • How did this start? o Psychodynamic Trace the pattern to early interactions w/ demanding parents particularly distant rigid fathers and over controlling rejecting mothers o Cognitive Generally hold broad maladaptive assumptions such as “people are evil” or “people will hurt you” o Biological Genetic cause • Treatments?...
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 031 taught by Professor Summons during the Fall '08 term at Kirkwood Community College.

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Chapter 13- Personality Disorders - CHAPTER 13: PERSONALITY...

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