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Chapter 13- Personality Disorders - CHAPTER13: consistent...

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CHAPTER 13: PERSONALITY DISORDERS Personality Traits- our individual reactions that are predictable and  consistent Usually begins in adolescence or young adulthood (can be in children) Between 9-13% of all adults in USA Axis 1 o Acute disorders o Often begin as a noticeable change in personas usual behavior and  have a limited duration Axis 2 o Long standing that usually begin well b4 adulthood and continue into  adult life o Personality disorders are here o not marked by change in persons usually behavior and are in many  cases of limited duration Comorbidity- when a personality disorder is in combo w/ an Axis 1 disorder Perhaps personality disorders are ground work for Axis 1 disorder Research shows that that presence of a personality disorder complicates a  person’s chances for a successful recovery from psychological problems Clusters- the 3 different categories that the DSM-IV categorizes the 10  different personality disorders o Group One
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Odd behavior,  Paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorder o Group Two Dramatic behavior Antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic o Group Three High anxiety Avoidant, dependent, OCD Many diagnosticians use more than one diagnosis b/c overlap so much GROUP 1 “ODD” PERSONALITY DISORDERS Display off or eccentric behaviors that are similar to but not as extensive as  schizophrenia including extreme suspiciousness social withdrawal and  peculiar ways of thinking and perceiving Often leaves the person feeling isolated Some clinicians believe personality disorder are related to schizophrenia Schizophrenia-Spectrum Disorders- the theory that personality disorders  are related to schizophrenia PARANOID PERSONALITY DISORDER Deeply distrust other ppl and r suspicious of their motives They believe that everyone intend them harm  They avoid close relationships Find “hidden” meanings in everything
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Quick to point out weakness in others .5-3% of adults in country More men than women How did this start? o Psychodynamic Trace the pattern to early interactions w/ demanding parents  particularly distant rigid fathers and over controlling rejecting  mothers o Cognitive Generally hold broad maladaptive assumptions such as “people are  evil” or “people will hurt you” o Biological Genetic cause Treatments?
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