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Chapter 14- Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence

Chapter 14- Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence -...

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CHAPTER 14: DISORDERS OF CHILDHOOD AND   ADOLESCENCE CHILDHOOD & ADOLESCENCE Worry is a big deal in childhood At least 20% of children/adolescence experience a diagnosable  psychological disorder Boys outnumber girls OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER & CONDUCT DISORDER Oppositional defiant Disorder- children argue repeatedly w/ adults, lose  their temper, and swear, feeling intense anger and resentment o More common in boys than girls b4 puberty then = after Conduct Disorder- violate the basic rights of others o Begins between 7-15 o 10% children 75% boys o If left untreated goes into adulthood as antisocial personality disorder o 4 distinct patterns Overt-Destructive Openly aggressive and confrontational behaviors Overt-Nondestructive
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Openly offensive but nonconfrontational behaviors Covert-Destructive Secretive destructive behaviors such as violating other ppls  property, breaking and entering, an setting fires Covert-Nondestructive Secretly commit nonaggressive behaviors (truant from school) o Relational Aggression-ppl r socially isolated and tend to commit social  misdeeds such as slandering others spreading rumors and  manipulating friendships o Juvenile Delinquents- when a person 8-18 gets in trouble w/ the law o CAUSE? Parent relationships are primary reason o TREATMENTS? Sociocultural Parent-Child Interaction Therapy preschoolers Teach parents to work w/ their child positively to set  appropriate limits to act consistently to be fair in the  discipline decisions and to establish more appropriate  expectations regarding the child Teach child better social skills Parent Management Training School age children
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Parents taught more effective ways ot deal w/ therapy Parents and children meet together in behavior oriented  family therapy Residential Treatment Treatment Foster Care Boys and girls w/ conduct disorder are assigned to a foster  home in the community by the juvenile justice system Child Focused Treatments Problem-Solving Skills Training Therapists combine modeling practice role playing and  systematic rewards to help teach children constructive  thinking and positive social behaviors Anger Coping and Coping Power Program Children w/ conduct problems participate in group sessions  that teach them to manage their anger and other emotions  more effectively solve problems build social skills set goals  and handle peer pressure Drug Therapy Stimulant Drugs reduce aggressive behavior (Ritalin) Prevention Change unfavorable social conditions b4 a conduct disorder is  able to develop ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITITY DISORDER
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