Chapter 14- Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence

Chapter 14- Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence -...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 14: DISORDERS OF CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE CHILDHOOD & ADOLESCENCE • Worry is a big deal in childhood • At least 20% of children/adolescence experience a diagnosable psychological disorder • Boys outnumber girls OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER & CONDUCT DISORDER • Oppositional defiant Disorder- children argue repeatedly w/ adults, lose their temper, and swear, feeling intense anger and resentment o More common in boys than girls b4 puberty then = after • Conduct Disorder- violate the basic rights of others o Begins between 7-15 o 10% children 75% boys o If left untreated goes into adulthood as antisocial personality disorder o 4 distinct patterns Overt-Destructive Openly aggressive and confrontational behaviors Overt-Nondestructive Openly offensive but nonconfrontational behaviors Covert-Destructive Secretive destructive behaviors such as violating other ppls property, breaking and entering, an setting fires Covert-Nondestructive Secretly commit nonaggressive behaviors (truant from school) o Relational Aggression-ppl r socially isolated and tend to commit social misdeeds such as slandering others spreading rumors and manipulating friendships o Juvenile Delinquents- when a person 8-18 gets in trouble w/ the law o CAUSE? Parent relationships are primary reason o TREATMENTS? Sociocultural Parent-Child Interaction Therapy preschoolers Teach parents to work w/ their child positively to set appropriate limits to act consistently to be fair in the discipline decisions and to establish more appropriate expectations regarding the child Teach child better social skills Parent Management Training School age children Parents taught more effective ways ot deal w/ therapy Parents and children meet together in behavior oriented family therapy Residential Treatment Treatment Foster Care Boys and girls w/ conduct disorder are assigned to a foster home in the community by the juvenile justice system Child Focused Treatments Problem-Solving Skills Training Therapists combine modeling practice role playing and systematic rewards to help teach children constructive thinking and positive social behaviors Anger Coping and Coping Power Program Children w/ conduct problems participate in group sessions that teach them to manage their anger and other emotions more effectively solve problems build social skills set goals and handle peer pressure Drug Therapy Stimulant Drugs reduce aggressive behavior (Ritalin) Prevention Change unfavorable social conditions b4 a conduct disorder is able to develop ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITITY DISORDER •...
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 031 taught by Professor Summons during the Fall '08 term at Kirkwood Community College.

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Chapter 14- Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence -...

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