Notes - Chapter 1 Psychology Psychology Psychology Defined...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 Psychology Psychology Psychology Defined as: the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Basic goals: describe, explain, predict, and influence behavior Current perspectives of psychology The Scientific Method: The set of assumptions, attitudes, and procedures that guide researchers to create questions to investigate generate evidence, and draw conclusions Private practice: the most common employment setting for psychologists Aristotle (384-322 BC) Wrote extensively about psychological topics such as SLEEP and DREAMING Rene Descartes (1596-1650) French philosopher who promoted a doctrine called interactive dualism Philosophy Set a foundation for later enquiry about human behavior o Nature vs. Nurture Now referred to as Heredity vs. Environment Charles Darwin English Naturalist who influenced significantly physiologists and tenets of psychology Physiology Scientific field of study that had the greatest impact on the emergence of psychology ???? Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) German physiologist who is considered to be the founder of psychology as a distinct scientific discipline Establishment of psychology laboratory by Wilhelm Wundt: o Historians mark this event as ???? Edward Tichener Student of Wilhelm Wundt Structuralism: the early approach or school of psychology o Based on the idea that even our most complex conscious experiences could be broken down into basic mental structures of sensations and feelings o FIRST of the early schools of psychology to DISAPPEAR William James Played a key role in establishing psychology as a scientific discipline in the United States Taught Physiology and Anatomy at Harvard University Functionalism: early school of psychology that examined how psychology was applied to education, child rearing, and the work environment o How behavior adapted/shaped to environment G. Stanley Hall (1844-1924) Psychologist who founded the American Psychological Association and established the first journal devoted to psychology in the United States Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) First woman president of American Psychological Association Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) First U.S. woman to be awarded a Ph.D. in psychology Psychoanalysis : emphasized unconscious causes of behavior Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) o Austrian physician o Founder of psychoanalysis o Believed that experiences in early childhood were critical in the formation of adult personality o A psychologist using this method (psychoanalysis) would be very interested in dreams, blocked memories, and slips of tongue...
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2010 for the course PSYC 1113-194 taught by Professor Krenawhite during the Fall '09 term at Tulsa Community College.

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Notes - Chapter 1 Psychology Psychology Psychology Defined...

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